环境代写 – 生活水平提高对刚果森林的影响 – essay代写

Impact of Improved Standards of Living on Congo Forest


生活水平提高对刚果森林的影响



环境代写   A clear connection exists between environmental problems and human activities (Zajchowski, Dustin, & Brownlee, 2018). The..



 

The Impact of Improved Standard of Living on the Congo Forest in Central Africa


Introduction

A clear connection exists between environmental problems and human activities (Zajchowski, Dustin, & Brownlee, 2018). The improvement in the standards of living is contributed by the rapid development in science and technology. It is comparative to say that,

the higher the people’s standard of living the higher they become dependent on the environment. This is because human has continuously obtained natural resources to meet the demands of their improved lifestyles. In this case, the demand for technology and economic development have continued to put pressure on natural resources (Shanmugam, & Kumar, (2016).

They illustrate how it is impossible to forego economic development at the expense of environmental conservation because a better standard of living is attached to progressive society. Therefore, the insatiable need for better and happier lives have primarily contributed to damage in the environment.

译文:生活水平提高对中非刚果森林的影响  环境代写


介绍

环境问题与人类活动之间存在明确的联系(Zajchowski,Dustin和Brownlee,2018年)。科技的飞速发展为人们生活水平的提高做出了贡献。可以说,

人们的生活水平越高,他们对环境的依赖就越高。这是因为人类不断获得自然资源以满足其改善的生活方式的需求。在这种情况下,对技术和经济发展的需求继续对自然资源造成压力(Shanmugam,&Kumar,(2016)。

它们说明了如何以牺牲环境保护为代价放弃经济发展是不可能的,因为进步的社会赋予了更好的生活水平。因此,对更美好,更幸福的生活的无限需求主要导致了环境的破坏。




环境代写


In this regard


this proposal aims at proving how deforestation in Congo forest and as a result the loss of valuable indigenous trees is related to improved standard of living. In this context, the standard of living is the social and economic status of a person. To add, there is also connection between the global economy and the standard of living where economic development contributes to better living.

This paper will find the link between the continued depletion of forest cover in Central African regions and the world’s improved lifestyle which has continued to impact the global environment negatively. This is a niche in research that has not received much attention, yet many studies have done a lot on the economic development and the effect on the environment.

The research will provide a more detailed connection between the  . Two which have missed in the previous research particularly the impact in Congo forest. Therefore, the objective of this paper is to find out the relationship and how the improvement of human standards has negatively impacted on the Congo Forest in Central Africa.

The research will contribute to the scholarly works and resource for references in future studies.

The research will approach the problem chronologically beginning with the statement of the problem, hypothesis, and objectives of the study. It will also review other scholarly works available in this field to shed more light in the understanding of this research. Furthermore, the most critical part is the research methodology which will explain the steps for data correction, analysis, and presentation. The study will be complete upon conducting the analysis of the results and presenting the data to fill the gat that has existed in the field.

译文:在这方面  环境代写


该提案旨在证明刚果森林的森林砍伐以及由此造成的宝贵土著树木的丧失与生活水平的提高有关。在这种情况下,生活水平是一个人的社会和经济地位。此外,全球经济与生活水平之间也存在联系,经济发展有助于改善生活水平。

本文将发现中非地区森林覆盖率的持续减少与世界生活方式的改善之间的联系,世界生活方式的不断改善对全球环境产生了负面影响。这是一个尚未被关注的研究领域,但是许多研究在经济发展和对环境的影响方面做了很多工作。

该研究将提供两者之间更详细的联系。在先前的研究中特别错过了对刚果森林的影响的两个。因此,本文的目的是找出这种关系,以及人类标准的提高如何对中非刚果森林产生负面影响。

该研究将为学术工作和资源提供参考,以备将来研究之用。

该研究将从问题的陈述,假设和研究目标开始按时间顺序解决问题。它还将审查该领域中的其他学术著作,以加深对本研究的理解。此外,最关键的部分是研究方法论,它将解释数据校正,分析和表示的步骤。在对结果进行分析并提供数据以填补该领域中已经存在的问题时,研究将完成。




Statement of the Problem


Forest degradation is one of the significant environmental problems which has contributed much on global environmental changes. The world forest cover has continued to reduce owing to various human factors living standard being one of them. It has been noted that the adverse climatic changes have been mainly contributed by the reduced forest cover.

Cutting down trees affect the ecosystem which is a natural cycle of interrelationships of various variables which create the natural environmental balance. In this regard, it is of paramount importance to conserve the environment and maintain the natural cycle of the ecosystem.

However, the efforts to save the environment from degradation is yet to bear a substantive solution. Human beings have continued to encroach the ecosystem thus destabilizing the global climate. Therefore, it is imperative to have research focusing on how the standards of living have impacted on the environment. In essence,

this paper seeks to research on living standards and how it has impacted on the Congo Forest. As such, the article will offer a solution to the problem of environmental degradation which has consequently affected the global climate. Based on these researches, approaches to save and sustain the forests in Central Africa can be developed.

译文:问题陈述  环境代写


森林退化是重大的环境问题之一,已对全球环境变化做出了巨大贡献。由于各种人为因素之一的生活水平,世界森林覆盖率持续下降。有人指出,不利的气候变化主要是由于森林覆盖率降低造成的。

砍伐树木会影响生态系统,生态系统是各种变量之间相互联系的自然循环,从而形成了自然的环境平衡。在这方面,保护环境和维持生态系统的自然循环至关重要。

但是,为保护环境免于退化而付出的努力尚未得到实质性的解决。人类继续入侵生态系统,从而破坏了全球气候。因此,必须着重研究生活水平如何对环境的影响。在本质上,

本文旨在研究生活水平及其对刚果森林的影响。因此,本文将为环境退化问题提供解决方案,该问题已因此影响了全球气候。基于这些研究,可以开发出保护和维持中非森林的方法。




Hypothesis


The research will be founded on a possible result that state:

The improved living standard has negatively impacted on Congo Forest

译文:假设  环境代写


该研究将基于以下可能的结果:

生活水平的提高对刚果森林造成了负面影响




Objectives


The main objective of the study

This research aims at studying the impact of the standard of living to the forest cover in Congo forest.

Objectives of the research

The research target to achieve the following:

  1. To identify how the living standards have impacted on the Congo forest cover.

  2. To evaluate the relationship between living standards and global environmental change.

  3. To identify environmental changes due to deforestation in the Congo forest.

  4. To identify the recommendations for forest conservation and sustainability.


译文:目标


研究的主要目的

这项研究旨在研究生活水平对刚果森林覆盖率的影响。

研究目的

该研究目标达到以下目标:

确定生活水平如何影响刚果森林覆盖率。
评估生活水平与全球环境变化之间的关系。
查明刚果森林砍伐造成的环境变化。
确定有关森林保护和可持续性的建议。




Literature Review


The regulation of global environmental changes according to Kramarz, and Park (2016) is characterized by fragmentation, duplication, dispersed authority, and weak regulations. These weaknesses have led to the irresponsible use of natural resources. According to them, the need for action and is not correlating to being responsible for accountability.

They cited the problem with Global Environmental Governance. The first failure of the environmental policymakers to held accountable for the policies they make which have left loophole players to exploit. Second, the malfunction of accountability where it is viewed as an end to itself. In this case, compliance with institutional accountability does not necessarily mean there are no negative impacts on the environment.

The United Nations Environment Programme, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, & United Nations (2014) in their publication introduced Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) where the users of the natural resources are supposed to pay for them.

译文:文献评论  环境代写


根据Kramarz和Park(2016)的观点,全球环境变化的监管具有分散,重复,权力分散和监管薄弱的特点。这些弱点导致对自然资源的不负责任使用。根据他们的说法,采取行动的必要性与对问责制的责任无关。

他们列举了全球环境治理的问题。环境政策制定者的第一个失败是对他们制定的政策负责,这使漏洞参与者得以利用。第二,问责制的失误被视为自身的终结。在这种情况下,遵守机构问责制并不一定意味着对环境没有负面影响。

联合国环境规划署,联合国粮食及农业组织和联合国(2014年)在其出版物中介绍了生态系统服务付款(PES),应由自然资源的使用者为此付费。




In this context


human beings use trees to support their luxurious lifestyles. Therefore they should pay for it by maintaining the ecosystem. However, it has been observed that, through destructive activities, human beings have not taken responsibility for their action, but instead continue to take away what they cannot replace, thus destabilizing the ecosystem.

Deforestation is now being ranked second leading in the cause of climate change (Sonter & Galford, 2015). They cite deforestation in Central Africa to be on the rise which has threatened biodiversity. Two-thirds of the forest cover in Africa are located in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC),

and the continued destruction is a threat to the world’s Eco balance. According to their findings, deforestation occurs as a result of the demand for infrastructure and agriculture as well as an increased appetite for investment lands. As a result, they call for the moves to save African forest as the only hope in salvaging the already damaged global climate.

According to Africa: Effort to curb illicit logging to fall short. (2015, Sep 15) In their publication noted that African forests have been under constant destruction since the 1990s. The illegal logging was highly motivated by the need for timber and wood-fuel. However,

Rudel (2014) view deforestation as a way of compensating economic development that has taken a slow pace in countries around Congo forest. According to him, deforestation paves the way for agriculture, roads, investments, amenities et cetera. But adopting his idea can be lethal to the forest cover in those countries.

Finally, in their article Bran and Dobre  (2017) saw the need to have bio-economy for sustainable human needs. In their approach, a balance must be a strike on how human beings use natural resources and how to sustain them for long-term benefits.

译文:在这种情况下  环境代写


人类使用树木来维持其奢华的生活方式。因此,他们应该通过维护生态系统来为此付出代价。但是,据观察,通过破坏性活动,人类没有为自己的行动负责,而是继续夺走他们无法替代的东西,从而破坏了生态系统的稳定。

如今,森林砍伐已被列为导致气候变化的第二大原因(Sonter&Galford,2015)。他们援引中部非洲的森林砍伐现象加剧,威胁到生物多样性。非洲三分之二的森林覆盖地区位于刚果民主共和国(DRC),

持续的破坏威胁着世界的生态平衡。根据他们的发现,森林砍伐的发生是由于对基础设施和农业的需求以及对投资土地的需求增加。结果,他们呼吁采取行动挽救非洲森林,这是挽救已经受损的全球气候的唯一希望。

据非洲称:遏制非法采伐的努力未能实现。 (2015年9月15日)在其出版物中指出,自1990年代以来,非洲森林一直遭到不断破坏。对木材和木质燃料的需求在很大程度上推动了非法采伐。然而,

Rudel(2014)认为,砍伐森林是补偿经济发展的一种方式,在刚果森林周围的国家中步伐缓慢。据他介绍,森林砍伐为农业,道路,投资,便利设施等铺平了道路。但是,采纳他的想法可能会对这些国家的森林覆盖区造成致命的伤害。

最后,在Bran和Dobre(2017)的文章中,我们看到了需要生物经济来满足人类的可持续需求。在他们的方法中,必须在人类如何利用自然资源以及如何为长期利益维持自然资源方面取得平衡。




Methodology


For the purpose of the research, there will be a chronology of methods that will be followed to achieve the research objectives. The method for the study will also be divided into five sections as discussed below.

Research Design: This subsection constitutes the activities of data collection, measurement, and analysis. The research will use a research survey which is the most effective and efficient approach.

Delimitation of the study: The target groups for the research will be the government agencies responsible for forest conservation including forest guards. Other population will be the communities living around the forest and who have the first-hand information about the forest.

译文:方法  环境代写


为了研究的目的,将按照时间顺序对方法进行研究以达到研究目的。 研究方法还将分为以下五个部分。

研究设计:本小节构成了数据收集,测量和分析的活动。 该研究将使用最有效的方法进行研究调查。

研究的划界:研究的目标人群将是负责森林保护的政府机构,包括护林员。 其他人口将是生活在森林周围的社区,他们拥有有关森林的第一手资料。




Besides government agencies and communities


the research will also target furniture enterprises and their customers. These groups are important as they are directly or indirectly connected to forest products. Moreover, they will provide primary information on tree products as well as the affairs of the Congo forest.

Research population: The scope of this research will be limited to Central Africa Region. These are the areas which are within touch the Congo forest.

Population sample: For the purpose of this study, the data will be collected from the tree product users, timber yards and furniture enterprises, government agencies mainly forest service, and communities living at the forest vicinity.

Sampling method: The research survey will be free and voluntary. The respondents are not expected to 18 years and above and acknowledge accept not to provide personal information except for the age, sex., and occupation. Stratified random sampling will be the most efficient method of sampling.

The population will be divided into small strata of people with shared characteristics. The proposed groups include timber dealers, their customers, government agencies, and neighboring communities.

Data collection instruments: The research will use a combination of data collection instruments. Each tool will be used depending on the circumstances and the data to be collected. For instance, structured interviews are suitable for gathering first-hand information that mostly involves testimonies.

译文:除了政府机构和社区  环境代写


该研究还将针对家具企业及其客户。这些组很重要,因为它们直接或间接与林产品相关。此外,他们还将提供有关树木产品以及刚果森林事务的主要信息。 研究人群:本研究的范围将限于中非地区。这些是与刚果森林接触的区域。 人口样本:出于本研究的目的,将从树木产品使用者,木材场和家具企业,主要是森林服务部门的政府机构以及居住在森林附近的社区中收集数据。 抽样方法:研究调查将是免费和自愿的。受访者的年龄不得超过18岁,并且承认接受者不提供年龄,性别和职业以外的个人信息。分层随机抽样将是最有效的抽样方法。 人口将分为具有共同特征的小阶层。提议的团体包括木材经销商,其客户,政府机构和邻近社区。 数据收集工具:该研究将使用数据收集工具的组合。将根据情况和要收集的数据使用每种工具。例如,结构化访谈适合于收集主要涉及证词的第一手信息。





Structured interviews will be used in complementary with questionnaires.


Other instruments include video recording and pictures of actual events, thus reinforcing the research qualitative.

Data collection method: The researchers will distribute questionnaires via the internet targeting the respondents. If possible actual visits to administer the survey to the participants will be made. The most preferred method of the interview will be a face-to-face interview. If not possible the telephone interviews will be arranged. Video recording and capturing of pictures will require a visit to the actual scenes.

译文:结构化的访谈将与问卷一起使用。


其他工具包括视频记录和实际事件的图片,从而增强了研究的质量。

数据收集方法:研究人员将通过互联网针对受访者分发问卷。 如果可能,将进行实际访问以对参与者进行调查。 面试的最佳方法是面对面的采访。 如果不可能的话,将安排电话采访。 视频录制和图片捕获将需要访问实际场景。




 

References


Africa: Effort to curb illicit logging to fall short. (2015, Sep 15). Oxford Analytica Daily Brief Service Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/1712314302?accountid=45049

Bran, Ş. D., & Dobre, I. (2017). Bioeconomy – an interdisciplinary approach. Revista De Management Comparative International, 18(1), 4-17. Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/1912934359?accountid=45049

Kramarz, T., & Park, S. (2016). Accountability in Global Environmental Governance: A Meaningful Tool for Action? Global Environmental Politics, 16(2), 1–21. https://doi.org/10.1162/GLEPpass:[_]a_00349

Rudel, T. K. (2014). Book review: Deforestation trends in the Congo basin: Reconciling economic growth and environmental protection. The Journal of Modern African Studies, 52(3), 510-511. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022278X14000354

Center, L., & Galford, G. (2015). Africa's forests may be our last chance to slow climate change. Cape Town: SyndiGate Media Inc. Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/1778790301?accountid=45049

Shanmugam, K. R., & Kumar, K. S. K. (2016). Environment and Development : Essays in Honour of Dr. U. Sankar. New Delhi: Sage Publications Pvt. Ltd. Retrieved from http://165.193.178.96/login?url=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ebscohost.com%2flogin.aspx%3fdirect%3dtrue%26db%3dnlebk%26AN%3d1214456%26site%3deds-live

United Nations Environment Programme, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, & United Nations. (2014). The Value of Forests : Payments for Ecosystem Services in a Green Economy. Geneva: United Nations Publications. Retrieved from http://165.193.178.96/login?url=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ebscohost.com%2flogin.aspx%3fdirect%3dtrue%26db%3dnlebk%26AN%3d856182%26site%3deds-live

Zajchowski, C. A. B., Dustin, D. L., & Brownlee., M. T. J. (2018). To Err is Human: Pondering the Undoing of Human-Induced Climate Change. Journal of Park & Recreation Administration, 36(2), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.18666/JPRA-2018-V36-I2-8313

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