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社会组织report代写 Terrorist organizations cannot survive without some form of financial support. According to Kushner (42), this funding..

Non-profit Organizations and Financing of Terrorism社会组织report代写

Terrorist organizations cannot survive without some form of financial support. According to Kushner (42), this funding could be needed for activities ranging from the proselytization of the food . And lodging sector to the purchase of materials for specialized operations. The financing sources differ according to the political situation and the objectives of the organization.

Kushner also recognizes the link between some charity NPOs and funding of terrorism. Particularly, he suggests that NPOs remain vulnerable to misuse by terrorists or terrorist networks because both NPOs and terrorist groups aim to promote their cause with the same resources. This paper builds Krushner's idea and examines why NPOs' financial support for terrorism complicates the fight against terrorism.

Countering Terror Financing社会组织report代写

Kushner explains how the connections between money laundering and terrorism funding have been uncovered in recent years. Money laundering means the illicit proceeds from crime are being concealed. Terrorism funding means collecting or supplying terrorist money. Regarding money laundering, the funds are often of criminal origin,

while the funds may come from legitimate and illegal sources in terrorist funding. Consequently, the main objective of terrorist funders is typically . Not to disguise the sources of funds but to hide the financial activities and financial platforms. Terrorist organizations may be located in another geographical area, making identification impossible,

thus can generate revenue from legal enterprises. Small groups with a comparatively small amount of funding .  And minimal participation in the financial sector may also carry out terrorist attacks. Such small sums are mostly regarded as minimally risky but are vulnerable to terrorist funding and money laundering.

According to Kushner 社会组织report代写

drug trafficking is a criminal enterprise that offers the largest terrorist financing by far. However, additional operations .  Provide major financing outlets, including hijacking, kidnapping for ransom claims, precious stone theft, human procurement, and human trafficking. Arms trafficking, which is both a source and the utilization of those materials and often combined with other forms of trafficking in a trade medium,

is a different case. Further, the author notes that During the Cold War, when international tensions were often seen as battlegrounds for the two blocs, with each terrorist cause an excuse to weaken or balkanize the other bloc, government-provided funding was the primary source of revenue for terrorist groups. This funding source was destroyed at the end of the cold war.

While certain isolated states offer arms, training camps, and funding to some militant organizations, Kushner says the key terrorist organizations have had to seek assistance elsewhere.


Kushner also states that while a long-standing tradition社会组织report代写

collecting funds from the diaspora has been a major funding source. Undoubtedly, charitable organizations play a significant role in this funding style, which is why they are being targeted specifically in existing policies. However, charitable organizations could mix legal profits from individuals and private companies (voluntary or otherwise) and governments with profits from illegal activity,

all in the guise of charity. After all, it's inappropriate and impossible to separate illegal cash from clean money.As a result, according to Kushner, the aim of counterterrorism should be to tighten the atmosphere in which terrorists work, making it more difficult for them to carry out their schemes of death and destruction.

It entails not only targeting operating cells but also their strategic and financial support networks. From the surface, Kushner's suggestions seem easy, but this is not the case. Governments and other organizations joined in the fight against terrorism face numerous obstacles that slow down eradicating terrorism.    社会组织report代写

Challenges to Countering Terror Financing社会组织report代写

The rampant perpetration of terrorist acts worldwide, even in first-world nations, implies that terrorist organizations have strong foundations and potentially huge financial capacity. In other words, it is almost impossible to stop the flow of finances into terrorist coffers. As Kushner suggests, governments can only restrict the environment where terrorists operate. Ideally,

Among the main strategies that can be explored include making it more .  Challenging for terrorists to collect, launder, and transfer funds and subsequently hinder their ability to carry out attacks. Overall, among jihadists' different methods to collect, launder, and move money, charities and other NGOs stick out for several reasons.

First, the deceit involved in charity corruption, in which funds donated to make.  The planet a safer place is only used to finance death and devastation, is a heinous betrayal of people's faith. And a misunderstanding of the Islamic charitable promise of zakat. Second, because of the charitable aspect of each of these charities and service organizations,社会组织report代写

their offices and staff can be seen on the ground in war.  Zones with special concern to militant groups without triggering doubt. Third, charities are perfect platforms for collecting large sums of money and laundering and distributing those and other assets.

Fourthly, charities act as the ideal cover for extremist agents.社会组织report代写

They recruit and send funds to recipient aid agencies that provide easy . And highly safe means of money laundering and protecting end-users from the investigation. For instance, funds collected by Hamas and wire-transfers overseas can be traced to.  A particular charity run by Hamas in the West Bank or Gaza. Still,

capital payments distributed by the Hamas courier are difficult to track without incredibly robust intelligence-usually from the more unusual human (human intelligence) type Kushner (44).

About the simplicity and benefits of using charities as fronts for extremist organizations, policymakers worldwide have made significant steps in constraining the climate in which terrorist groups use charities to collect, launder and move money.

Though much remains to be done-particularly concerning (a) non-cooperative states .  And (b) non-Al-Qaeda groups such as Hamas-widely enhanced international cooperation has enhanced . Understanding of the importance that terrorist groups are raising funds through charities and has contributed to concrete attempts to curb . The flow of funds to terrorists under the umbrella of charitable donations.

In terms of considerable success in the war on terror and the fight against terror funding, terrorists remain adapted .  To the evolving world of anti-terrorism and thus create fresh, evolutionary strategies. Further successes in counterterrorism would depend on enhanced international cooperation, information sharing,社会组织report代写

the implementation of local anti-terrorism and anti-money laundering laws, and the focus on targeting those who perpetrate actual terrorist acts and those who facilitate such activities by offering the required logistical and financial means.

Although the volume of globally frozen terrorist funding is small, whether the correct accounts, businesses, or frontal organizations .  Are cut off, the effect may be substantial of freezing terrorist money. Denying terrorist access to their favorite ways of collecting, laundering, and moving funds complicate their work.


In summary, by examining the relationship between non-profit organizations .  And terrorist organizations, Kushner enables us to understand why jihadists can still operate with efficiency despite existing strong anti-terrorist efforts.




Works Cited

Kushner, Harvey W. Encyclopedia of Terrorism. London [etc.: Sage Publications, 2003. Print.