人文社科代写 – Sociology Essay – 社会心理健康 – 社会经济代写

Sociology Essay

 


人文社科代写  Every society has different social classes, which are generally determined on the basis of their social and economic situation..


 

Sociology Essay

Impact of social class on the life chances of children

Every society has different social classes, which are generally determined on the basis of their social and economic situation. According to a report published in The Guardian, parents’ social class determines the school performance of their children. The report also identified that parents’ social class supersedes the impact of good parenting on children’s school performance.

This proves that social class of a child determines the future of that child (Shepherd, 2010). Moreover, in terms of overall progress of a child, the social class of parents is very crucial. However, this trend is worrisome, as it shows the prevalent inequality in the society and reveals that children who belong  .

To higher social class have more chances to succeed in  . Their future in every aspect of life compared to children who belong to lower social class. Moreover,

in an economy where middle class is growing it is also important to note that most of the children who belong to this class tend to get great opportunities in future – more than lower class children but less than elite class children.

One must also consider this fact as an evident that why children who belong to lower class or middle class tend to spend their life in a uniform way, without experiencing much change.

译文:社会学论文    人文社科代写

社会阶层对儿童生活机会的影响

每个社会都有不同的社会阶层,这些阶层通常是根据其社会和经济状况而确定的。根据《卫报》发表的一份报告,父母的社会阶层决定了孩子在学校的表现。该报告还指出,父母的社会阶层取代了良好的养育方式对儿童在校表现的影响。

这证明孩子的社会阶层决定了孩子的未来(Shepherd,2010)。而且,对于孩子的全面进步来说,父母的社会阶层是非常关键的。然而,这一趋势令人担忧,因为它显示了社会普遍存在的不平等,并揭示了属于 .

到更高的社会阶层有更多的机会成功。与属于较低社会阶层的儿童相比,他们在生活各个方面的未来。而且,

在中产阶级不断壮大的经济体中,同样重要的是要注意,大多数属于这个阶级的孩子在未来往往会获得很好的机会——比下层阶级的孩子多,但比精英阶层的孩子少。

人们还必须将这一事实视为一个明显的事实,即为什么属于下层阶级或中产阶级的孩子倾向于以统一的方式度过一生,而没有经历太多变化。


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However, according to a study by Weber (2018),

this does not have any effect on the social capital that a kid may have. It depends on good parenting and the time parents spend with their children. However, there’s a wrong perception that children who belong to elite class lack social capital, because that is not the truth.

Elite class people also raise their children in the best way possible and thus the social capital of a child is not linked to the social class but the way parenting has been done. In this regard, it can be said that social class does affect a child’s future prospect and academic performance, but it does not affect the social capital a child amasses.

译文:然而,根据 Weber (2018) 的一项研究,  人文社科代写

这对孩子可能拥有的社会资本没有任何影响。 这取决于良好的养育方式以及父母与孩子相处的时间。 然而,有一种错误的看法认为属于精英阶层的孩子缺乏社会资本,因为这不是事实。

精英阶层的人也会以最好的方式抚养孩子,因此孩子的社会资本与社会阶层无关,而是与养育子女的方式有关。 就此而言,可以说社会阶层确实会影响孩子未来的前景和学习成绩,但不会影响孩子积累的社会资本。


Difference between gender identity and gender expression

Gender expression and gender identity are two separate things. Typically, gender expressions are used to judge a person’s gender identity but it’s neither linked to the gender assigned at birth nor sexual orientation of that person. Although based on norms and culture of a society,

certain gender expressions are attributed to a specific gender regardless of the person’s gender identity (Poirier, 2016). A soft spoken person with long hair and extremely sensitive nature who loves pink and other lighter shades in clothes is often considered a feminine and regardless of that person’s sexual orientation and gender identity,

the society would put a label based on the existing norms and cultural interpretations.In simple words, a person’s gender identity is a matter of personal choice. It refers to the gender a person associates itself with. It is an internal matter and the person can choose to identify itself as a male or a female or any other gender (McDowell, 2018).

译文:性别认同和性别表达之间的差异  人文社科代写

性别表达和性别认同是两件不同的事情。通常,性别表达用于判断一个人的性别认同,但与出生时指定的性别或该人的性取向无关。虽然基于社会的规范和文化,

无论个人的性别认同如何,某些性别表达都归因于特定的性别(Poirier,2016 年)。一个长头发、天性极其敏感、喜欢粉红色和其他浅色衣服的轻声细语的人通常被认为是女性化的,无论这个人的性取向和性别认同如何,

社会会根据现有的规范和文化解释来贴标签。简单来说,一个人的性别认同是个人选择的问题。它指的是一个人与之相关的性别。这是一个内部问题,人们可以选择将自己标识为男性、女性或任何其他性别(McDowell,2018 年)。


On the other hand

the term gender expression refers to the way a person expresses its gender. Often, these expressions remain in line with the societal ideas of appropriateness. For instance, people who identify themselves as females are restricted to dress in a certain way and if they choose to wear something that people who identify themselves as male,

they are given different labels by the society. However, the way one expresses gender does not reflect the gender identity of that person. A person who identifies as male can wear a skirt on a cropped t-shirt, but that person by the societal standards is not the appropriate way to express masculinity,

but this does not give anyone the right to assume the gender identity of that person. The comparison of the two can be summed up with gender identity is a personal choice of gender (which gender a person associates itself with) and gender expression is the way that person choose to express that gender.

译文:另一方面  人文社科代写

性别表达一词是指一个人表达其性别的方式。 通常,这些表达方式与适当的社会观念保持一致。 例如,认为自己是女性的人被限制以某种方式着装,如果他们选择穿那些自认为是男性的人的衣服,

他们被社会赋予不同的标签。 然而,一个人表达性别的方式并不反映那个人的性别认同。 一个自认为是男性的人可以在短款 T 恤上穿裙子,但按照社会标准,这个人不是表达男子气概的适当方式,

但这并不赋予任何人承担该人性别认同的权利。 两者的比较可以总结为性别认同是个人对性别的选择(一个人与哪个性别相关联),而性别表达是人选择表达该性别的方式。


How are family roles or expectations differentiated by a child’s gender?

What a family expects from a child depends largely depends on how that gender role is being interpreted by the society. For instance, in Asian society a boy is considered to be the heir of the father’s wealth and is supposed to become their retirement and insurance policy at the time when they can’t work.

This patriarchy system is the most popular one in the world is followed by many. However, in western societies especially in the US and Europe, the attitude of the society has started to change towards women, but still the roles and expectations from a child haven’t changed much.

Parents and families expect from a boy to be strong, to learn to take a hit, to learn to fight back, and not to show weakness to anyone. Parents and families expect from a girl to be sensitive, to be expressive emotionally, to learn to rely on their fathers or brothers to take care of certain house chores and to reveal their vulnerabilities.

译文:孩子的性别如何区分家庭角色或期望?  人文社科代写

家庭对孩子的期望在很大程度上取决于社会如何解释性别角色。例如,在亚洲社会,男孩被认为是父亲财富的继承人,应该成为他们无法工作时的退休和保险单。

这种父权制是世界上最流行的,很多人都效仿。然而,在西方社会,特别是美国和欧洲,社会对女性的态度开始发生变化,但对孩子的角色和期望仍然没有太大变化。

父母和家人希望男孩坚强,学会挨打,学会反击,不向任何人示弱。父母和家人希望女孩敏感,善于表达情感,学会依靠父亲或兄弟来处理某些家务并暴露自己的弱点。


Children are also expected to work as per their gender.

For instance, boys will be given action figures to play with whereas girls get dolls. Parents and families in the contemporary society expect their children to remain within the gender roles that have been assigned to them and work hard to ensure that they uphold their family values and traditions.

Children are expected to carry their family’s legacy to future and hold it tight so that it can be passed on to generations (Marks, Lam & McHale, 2009). To sum up, parents and families from expect different things from their children based on their gender,

but since gender gap is reducing it can be concluded that one thing that is common is the expectations that children will keep their family’s name alive.

译文:孩子们也应该按照他们的性别工作。  人文社科代写

例如,男孩会得到可玩的人偶,而女孩则会得到洋娃娃。 当代社会的父母和家庭希望他们的孩子保持在分配给他们的性别角色中,并努力确保他们维护他们的家庭价值观和传统。

孩子们应该将他们家族的遗产传承到未来,并紧紧抓住它,以便将其传给几代人(Marks、Lam 和 McHale,2009 年)。 总而言之,父母和家庭根据他们的性别对他们的孩子有不同的期望,

但由于性别差距正在缩小,因此可以得出的结论是,普遍存在的一件事是期望孩子们保留他们家族的名字。


References

Marks, J. L., Lam, C. B., & McHale, S. M. (2009). Family patterns of gender role attitudes. Sex roles61(3-4), 221-234.

McDowell, L. (2018). Gender, identity and place: Understanding feminist geographies. John Wiley & Sons.

Poirier, M. (2016). The Concepts of Gender Identity, Gender Expression and Assigned Sex Within Drama Therapy: An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. [Graduate Projects (Non-thesis)] (Unpublished), retrieved on December 10, 2018, from: https://spectrum.library.concordia.ca/981577/

Shepherd, J. (2010). Social class has more effect on children than good parenting, study finds. The Guardian, retrieved on December 10, 2018, from: https://www.theguardian.com/education/2010/dec/07/social-class-parenting-study

Weber, M. (2018). Class, status, party. In The Inequality Reader (pp. 56-67). Routledge.

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