The Market Revolution
市场report代写 America had high ambitions to the increase its production and trade. Since the 16th century, American had witnessed tremendous..
The years of the nineteenth century 市场report代写
America had high ambitions to the increase its production and trade. Since the 16th century, American had witnessed tremendous industrialization, education, and trade. However, most of the American production and trading were done at subsistence levels.
Barter trade was a common trade among the Americans and slave were the primary source of labor. Most of the American manufactured products were imported from other countries. According to Miller, “... remained a predominantly rural world, with over 90% of the country engaging in farming as an enterprise. In the midst of the rural world,
美国对增加生产和贸易抱有很高的野心。 自16世纪以来，美国人见证了巨大的工业化，教育和贸易。 但是，大多数美国生产和贸易都是在维持生计的水平上进行的。 易货贸易是美国人中的一种普遍贸易，奴隶是主要的劳动力来源。 美国制造的大多数产品都是从其他国家进口的。 根据米勒的说法，“ ...仍然是一个主要的农村世界，全国超过90％的企业从事农业生产。 在农村世界中
no home could stand on its own as entirely self-sufficient. Rather
many households needed manufactured goods from abroad or from neighbors.” (Miller 157). As such, America needed a paradigm change in production and trading. Therefore, the time after the industrial revolution and before the civil war the market revolution occurred and swiped a wave of change throughout America.
The Market Revolution is a period that occurred in the 19th century when America saw the economic transformation from subsistence production to commercial production. It is at this period America integrated the technologies from the industrial revolution into the new commercial economy. In essence,
the market revolution was more of an expansion of production and the market size which was attributed to various factors that came to play at that period.
相当 许多家庭需要从国外或邻居那里购买制成品。” （米勒157）。 因此，美国需要在生产和贸易中进行范式的改变。 因此，在工业革命之后和内战之前的这段时间里，市场革命发生了，席卷了整个美国的变革浪潮。 市场革命是19世纪发生的时期，当时美国看到了从自给自足生产向商业生产的经济转型。 正是在这个时期，美国将技术从工业革命整合到了新的商业经济中。 在本质上， 市场革命更多地是生产和市场规模的扩大，这归因于那个时期出现的各种因素。 市场革命
Major Elements and Changes
The decline in Northern Slavery and the Rise of the Cotton Industry
Although the Market Revolution depended not only on the free labor in factories but also slave labor in plantations in the south, in the early 19th century states in the north abolished the slave trade. Miller state that, “Constitutional Convention, the Founding Fathers agreed to ban the importation of African slaves from other parts of the world in 1807.” (Miller 197).
The abolishment of slave trade paved the way for the industrial labor. Partly the decline in the slave trade in the north was attributed by the intensified slave trade in the south for the demand of in cotton plantations.
尽管市场革命不仅依赖于工厂的自由劳动，而且依赖于南部种植园的奴隶劳动，但在19世纪初期，北部的州废除了奴隶贸易。 米勒指出：“《制宪会议》规定，开国元勋们于1807年同意禁止从世界其他地方进口非洲奴隶。” （米勒197）。
Changes in Gender Roles and Family Life 市场report代写
The market revolution created a cash economy. The work was shifted from homes to plantations and factories. The shift in labor demand in industries and plantations disregarded the notion of the constitution of work regarding man and woman. Further, most homes depended more on the stores to buy food rather than producing at home.
Thus women and children were also involved in the labor. The idea of women working at home was only left to for the wealthy. As such, the gender roles were redefined as the market revolution took shape. The market integrated families into the new cash economy where families bought more from the stores than they produced.
市场革命创造了现金经济。 工作从家庭转移到种植园和工厂。 工业和种植园劳动力需求的变化无视关于男人和女人的工作构成的概念。 此外，大多数家庭更多地依靠商店购买食物，而不是在家中生产。
因此，妇女和儿童也参与了劳动。 妇女在家工作的想法只留给了有钱人。 因此，随着市场革命的形成，性别角色得到了重新定义。 市场将家庭纳入了新的现金经济，在那里，家庭从商店购买的产品超过了生产的产品。
Changes in Labor Organization
The cotton production in the south supported industrialization in the north and Midwest. The demand for clothing accelerated the need to have waged labor instead of slaves. The new American system of labor divided the work into stages of production with each stage assigned some workers. At this time the concept of piece work was born,
and work was divided into discrete stages for specialized workers at each stage. Moreover, due to demand of the textile products, craftsmen, shoemakers, and manufactures abandoned singled-live-in apprentice for labor to unskilled wage laborers who were assigned repeated tasked to learn in the process.
南部的棉花生产支持了北部和中西部的工业化。 对服装的需求加速了需要雇佣劳动力而不是奴隶的需求。 新的美国劳工制度将工作分为生产阶段，每个阶段都分配了一些工人。 这时候计件制的概念就诞生了，
在每个阶段，专门工作人员的工作分为不同的阶段。 此外，由于对纺织产品的需求，工匠，制鞋商和制造商放弃了单身的活在当下的学徒，供非熟练的工资工人使用，他们被分配了重复的任务来学习。 市场report代写
The market revolution was characterized by development in the transport system to support the growing market. The American market started to expand to other countries as the transport network continued to grow. Consequently, the expanded market led to the growth of the textile industry. Big plantations stated to grow cotton in support of the textile industry in the north and Midwest. According to Miller,
“Slavery became even more entrenched through the invention of the cotton gin...” (Miller 207). As the demand for cotton increased, large plantation emerged with a high need for labor thus intensifying the slave trade mostly in the south.
市场革命的特征是运输系统的发展，以支持不断增长的市场。 随着运输网络的不断发展，美国市场开始向其他国家扩展。 因此，扩大的市场导致了纺织工业的增长。 大型种植园表示将种植棉花，以支持北部和中西部的纺织业。 根据米勒的说法， “奴隶制由于轧花机的发明而更加根深蒂固……”（米勒207）。 随着对棉花需求的增加，出现了对人工的高需求的大种植园，从而加剧了南部大部分地区的奴隶贸易。
Miller, B. Craig. The American Memory: Americans and Their History to 1877. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company, 2008.