社会学代写 Social welfare safety net is the array of programs offered by the federal government and other agencies aiming . At alleviating poverty..
Question 1 社会学代写
What domestic social welfare programs in the “safety net” are available to both men and women to alleviate poverty? Why?
Social welfare safety net is the array of programs offered by the federal government and other agencies aiming . At alleviating poverty or reducing it to certain levels in the U.S populations and prevent people from falling back to poverty. These programs are entitled to everyone as long as one qualify while others are entitlement.
Some of the many social welfare programs in the safety net include but not limited unemployment benefits, the social security benefits, supplemental nutrition assistance program, Medicare/Medicaid, supplemental security income program, the earned income tax credit, temporary assistance for needy families,
社会福利安全网是联邦政府和其他机构针对的一系列计划。 减轻贫困或将其减少到美国人口中的一定水平，并防止人们重新陷入贫困。 这些计划只要每个人都有资格获得，其他人则有权获得。
the affordable care act among other programs. 社会学代写
There are various reasons for the implementation and funding of anti-poverty programs in the United States. First, the programs facilitate the war on poverty and have reduced overall poverty in the united states since they were initiated. Secondly, beside the programs serving the underpriveledged population in the United States,
the safety net programs have continued to benefit more than 70 percent of all citizens at some point in life. Third, these programs have elevated the United States economy by enabling children from poor family access basic needs including education. Lastly, increase in poverty is a cost to any progressive economy and hence the reduction in poverty in the United States mean a saving from low productivity,
poor health, high crime and high populated prisons. Overall, safety net programs have been the foundation on which the American Dream is realized and has continued to make the economy progress to the greater heights.
在美国实施和资助反贫困计划有多种原因。首先，该计划自启动以来就促进了消除贫困的斗争，并减少了美国的整体贫困。其次，除了为美国贫困人口提供服务的计划之外， 在生活中的某个时刻，安全网计划继续使超过70％的公民受益。第三，这些计划通过使贫困家庭的儿童获得包括教育在内的基本需求，提高了美国的经济水平。最后，贫穷的增加是任何进步经济的代价，因此，美国减少贫穷意味着从生产力低下的过程中节省下来的钱， 身体欠佳，犯罪率高和监狱人多。总体而言，安全网计划一直是实现美国梦的基础，并且继续使经济发展到更高的高度。
Question 2 社会学代写
Distinguish between the activities of the intake worker and the on-going case manager in a child welfare case.
An intake worker in a child case is mostly tasked with investigative roles of the agency. They investigate the case to determine the variety of factors about the family conditions, needs, circumstance of the alleged child abuse and consider any situation that may help in building the case. The aim of the intake worker is to determine if the abuse actually occurred and the circumstances under which it occurred.
On the other hand, the role of an on going case manager is mostly supervisory in the investigation as well as decision-making regarding the child case. When the intake present the case and the evidence to the on going manager, an informed decision regarding the welfare of the child is made.
一名儿童案件中的一名入职工人主要负责该机构的调查工作。 他们调查此案，以确定有关家庭状况，需求，所称虐待儿童情况的各种因素，并考虑可能有助于案情发展的任何情况。 招募人员的目的是确定虐待是否确实发生以及在何种情况下发生。
Question 3 社会学代写
Discuss the program criteria, services, and the relationship between Child Support Enforcement and Temporary Assistance to Needy Families Programs.
Child Support Enforcement is a federal government program targeted at ensuring a child supported financially and materially by both parents. The program makes it illegal for anyone to willfully fail to pay child support. The payment of child support is regulated through statute but there exist various formulas for it calculation.
There exist four criteria including income share model, percentage of income model, Melson model and court discretion. Different states use different criteria. In the Income share model, the court determine the payment of child support in regard to the income of both parents and the number of children. For instance, if the custodial parent earn $2000 and non-custodial earns $2500,
the the total monthly earning for that family is $4500. Using these amount the court will calculate each child monthly obligation based on economic table of the expected cost of raising one child. In this case it can be $1125 per month per child. The percentages of the contribution of custodial and non-custodial toward total monthly income is 55.6 percent and 44.4 percent respectively.
讨论计划标准，服务以及儿童抚养执行与对有需要家庭的临时援助计划之间的关系。 子女抚养费执行是一项联邦政府计划，旨在确保子女得到父母双方的经济和物质支持。该计划使任何人故意不支付子女抚养费都是违法的。子女抚养费的支付是通过法规进行规定的，但是有各种计算公式。 存在四个标准，包括收入份额模型，收入百分比模型，Melson模型和法院自由裁量权。不同的州使用不同的标准。在收入分成模型中，法院根据父母双方的收入和子女人数确定子女抚养费的支付方式。例如，如果监护人父母赚了2000美元，非监护人父母赚了2500美元， 该家庭的每月总收入为$ 4500。法院将使用这些金额根据抚养一个孩子的预期成本的经济表计算每个孩子的每月债务。在这种情况下，每个孩子每月的费用为1125美元。托管和非托管对月总收入的贡献分别为55.6％和44.4％。
non-custodial parent will pay 55.6 percent of the total child support needed. The percentage of income model on the other hand is determined by the court where payment of child support is based on certain ratio of non-custodial parent earning per month. The percent can be variable or constant depending on the prevailing conditions but does not change with income.
For instance if the non-custodial parent income is $2500 and there is only one child to support, the custodial parent income is not considered. The court may decide the parent to pay a rate of 25 percent of the income towards child support. Melson formula determine child support based on the prevailing needs of the child and the standard of living.
It is similar to earning share model. Finally, the court can decide on the amount the non-custodial parent should contribute toward the child needs.
On the other hand, Temporary Assistance to Needy Families is a federal funding to states to provide financial help and other support to needy families particularly single parents and mothers. The discretion for eligibility in the program vary broadly from one state to the other. The financial assistance and other services also vary. Generally,
funding program is intended to poor families while other services aim to support children of working or temporary unemployed on condition of termination after settling. Other criteria include; being a U.S citizen, legal immigrants, nationals and permanent resident but have unsustainable income or under employed, unemployed and about to being terminated in employment.
Moreover, the main services of CSE include providing reliable child support by parents, 社会学代写
locating parents and determining legal parent(s), and creating a ground for fairness in child support. Also, CSE ensure child health care is provided, eliminate barriers in child support such referring unemployed . parents employment services, create an environment for health co-parenting with enhanced fatherhood and reduce domestic violence.
On the other hand, the main services provided by Temporary Assistance to . Needy Families include grant funds, child care support programs, help in accessing and securing a job.
Generally,both Temporary Assistance to Needy Families and Child Support Enforcement are related in various aspects. First, both focus on supporting children. CSE is principally for children support just as state through TANF. support programs offer childcare . assistance until the parent secure employment. However, compared TANF,
寻找父母并确定合法父母，并为子女抚养权的公平创造基础。 此外，CSE确保提供儿童保健服务，消除在抚养儿童方面的障碍，例如转介失业者。 父母就业服务，创造健康的父母陪伴环境，提高父亲身份，减少家庭暴力。
通常，对贫困家庭的临时援助和对儿童抚养费的执行在各个方面都有关系。 首先，两者都集中在抚养孩子上。 CSE主要是通过TANF来为儿童提供抚养费。 支持计划提供托儿服务。 直到父母找到工作为止的协助。 但是，相比TANF，
CSE is not government provided but parent are the sole providers of the child support.
The welfare of children is the fundamental aim of the establishment of the two programs.