社会人口现状代写 社会出生率代写 社会经济代写

Social-Economic Issues in Niagara Falls


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社会人口现状代写 社会出生率代写 社会经济代写 Niagara Falls is a city in Ontario, Canada. It is situated at the west bank of the Niagara River in the Gold Horseshoe



Social-Economic Issues in Niagara Falls


Niagara Falls is a city in Ontario, Canada. It is situated at the west bank of the Niagara River in the Gold Horseshoe region of Southern Ontario. Niagara Falls has for long been known as a tourist destination and has always been since the time immemorial. According to The CIBCWM Metropolitan Economic Activity Index, there are nine fundamental macroeconomic variables and drivers for the Canadian city economy.

They include population, employment, and its variations, personal bankruptcy rate, and business bankruptcy rate. Despite the Niagara Falls being so rich in attracting both Canadian and American tourists, it has social-economic issues, including industries closures, employment decline, population decline, and high cost of housing and homelessness among others issues.社会人口现状代写 社会出生率代写 社会经济代写

Generally, the population of Niagara Falls city has been declining for the last four years since 2015. According to the World Population Review (2019), Niagara Fall’s people stand at 82,184 in 2019. The community indicates a decline of 3 per cent compared to 2017 statistics. The whole Niagara county’s population has been on the declining trend, and it is estimated that by 2040, the county will have less than 200,000 people. The trend with the whole population means that Niagara Falls population has also been falling.

译文:

尼亚加拉大瀑布的社会经济问题

尼亚加拉大瀑布是加拿大安大略省的一个城市。它位于安大略省南部金马蹄地区的尼亚加拉河西岸。尼亚加拉瀑布(Niagara Falls)长期以来一直被视为旅游胜地,并且自远古时代以来就一直如此。根据《 CIBCWM大都市经济活动指数》,加拿大城市经济存在九个基本宏观经济变量和驱动力。

它们包括人口,就业及其变化,个人破产率和企业破产率。尽管尼亚加拉大瀑布吸引加拿大和美国游客如此丰富,但它仍然存在社会经济问题,包括产业关闭,就业下降,人口下降以及高昂的住房成本和无家可归等问题。

总体而言,自2015年以来,过去四年来尼亚加拉大瀑布市的人口一直在下降。根据《世界人口评论》(2019年),尼亚加拉大瀑布的人口在2019年为82,184人。该社区表示,与2017年相比,下降了3%统计数据。整个尼亚加拉县的人口一直呈下降趋势,据估计,到2040年,该县将只有不到20万人。总体人口的趋势意味着尼亚加拉瀑布人口也在下降。社会人口现状代写 社会出生率代写 社会经济代写

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The fall in population has been attributed to reduced birth rates and an increase in the aging population as well as migration from out of Niagara Falls.


According to Dewey and Prohaska (2019) reporting for The Buffalo News show that in every 100 people in die in Niagara country was is only 87 babies born between 2017 and 2018. The overall imbalance has created median age to 43 years, and school enrolments are also declining. Also, the contraction in population is attributed to the 1970s and 1980s economic recession when big industries such as Carborundum, Union Carbide, and the former Harrison Radiator, among others either downsized or exited the economy. Many jobs were lost, and it culminated with the Love Canal disaster, a downtown urban renewal that resulted in the displacement of more than 6,000 people who left the county between 1980 and 1990.社会人口现状代写 社会出生率代写 社会经济代写

译文:

人口减少归因于出生率下降和人口老龄化以及从尼亚加拉大瀑布迁出的迁移。

根据Dewey和Prohaska(2019)的报道,《水牛城新闻》显示,在尼亚加拉国家,每100名死于死亡的人在2017年至2018年之间仅出生87个婴儿。总体失衡导致中位年龄为43岁,入学率是 也在下降。 同样,人口的减少也归因于1970年代和1980年代的经济衰退,当时金刚砂,联合碳化物和前哈里森散热器等大型工业规模缩小或退出了经济。 许多工作流失了,并以“爱情运河”灾难达到高潮,这是一次市区更新,导致1980至1990年间有6,000多人流离失所。社会人口现状代写 社会出生率代写 社会经济代写

Additionally, there were a few numbers of women giving birth in Niagara county


Hence the birthrate has been plummeting since the great recession. As a result, between 1970 and 2017 the number of the aging population has been on the rise by more than 70 per cent. At the same time the birth rate also declined by half. The shift in demographic characteristics has put pressure on economic development as less and less workforce is available. There are people in Niagara Falls city to fill the retail spaces available. Social amenities and other infrastructures are underutilised as they serve fewer and fewer people below which they were designed to help. The overall effect is stunted economic growth.

According to the Greater Niagara Chamber of Commerce (2018), although the overall unemployment rate in Canada fell to 5.6 per cent, Niagara's joblessness rate has remained higher between 6.5 and 7 per cent, which is 28 per cent higher than the national average. According to the U.S Census, 40.6 per cent of children in Niagara Falls live below the poverty level which is almost twice the state average of 22.5 per cent. The average household income in the city is$26,800. According to the report, 20 per cent of Niagara Falls’s population is below poverty line relative to overall average of 13.5 per cent. As a result, one in every two households is struggling financially.

译文:

此外,尼亚加拉县有少数妇女分娩

因此,自大萧条以来,出生率一直在直线下降。结果,在1970年至2017年之间,老龄化人口数量增长了70%以上。同时,出生率也下降了一半。人口特征的转变给经济发展带来了压力,因为可用的劳动力越来越少。尼亚加拉大瀑布市内有人来填补可用的零售空间。社交便利设施和其他基础设施的利用率不高,因为它们为越来越少的人提供服务,而他们所设计的以下人群却无法提供帮助。总体影响是经济增长停滞。社会人口现状代写 社会出生率代写 社会经济代写

根据大尼亚加拉商会(2018)的数据,尽管加拿大的总体失业率降至5.6%,但尼亚加拉的失业率仍保持在6.5%至7%之间,比全国平均水平高出28%。根据美国人口普查,尼亚加拉大瀑布40.6%的儿童生活在贫困线以下,这几乎是该州平均水平(22.5%)的两倍。该市家庭平均收入为26,800美元。根据该报告,相对于总体平均水平(13.5%),尼亚加拉瀑布(Niagara Falls)人口的20%处于贫困线以下。结果,每两个家庭中就有一个陷入财务困境。

As a result, the city is struggling to fight crime.


September 2016 FBI report indicated that more than 500 crimes were reported in Niagara Falls in 2015 and which included three murders, 32 rapes, 156 robberies, and 364 aggravated assaults. Compared to the population of 48,800, there are 13 violent crimes in every ten thousand residents. There were more than 2,500 property crimes in 2015, which indicated one crime rate per every people living in the city. These statistics rank the city as the most violent city in New York state. It is ranked 44th on the list of the most dangerous cities in the United States.社会人口现状代写 社会出生率代写 社会经济代写

译文:

结果,这座城市正在努力打击犯罪。

2016年9月,联邦调查局的报告显示,2015年,尼亚加拉大瀑布报告了500多起犯罪,其中包括3起谋杀,32起强奸,156起抢劫和364起加重攻击。 与48,800人口相比,每万居民中有13宗暴力犯罪。 2015年,共有2500多起财产犯罪,这表明该城市每人平均犯罪率。 这些统计数据将该城市列为纽约州最暴力的城市。 它在美国最危险的城市中排名第44位。社会人口现状代写 社会出生率代写 社会经济代写

One case of homicide involved a deceased Frenk Perry, who was 62 years old at the time of his murder (Niagara Regional Police Service, n.d).


He lived with his wife at 5217 Ontario Avenue, Niagara Falls. His children and wife still live in the same resident in Niagara Falls. It was approximately 9:08 a.m on August 27, 1992 when a friend visited Perry and was later found dead in on his bed. The analysis showed that he was hit several times with a blunt object at the back and side of his head. He was alone at the time of the incident and research showed that he was asleep when he was struck from the back.社会人口现状代写 社会出生率代写 社会经济代写

Later information revealed that he was retired and was working in the city and was illegally involved in the sales of alcohol and tobacco. A box which contained cash and jewellery was missing indicating the motive of the murder. Mr Perry’s death is one of the hundreds that occur in Niagara Falls. His illegal deal may have been due to stressful life and trying to meet family responsibilities. Unemployment in Niagara Falls has led people to engage in illicit scheme and murder making the city the most feared in the region.

译文:

一起杀人案涉及一名已故的弗兰克·佩里(Frenk Perry),他在谋杀时享年62岁(Niagara Regional Police Service,n.d)。

他和他的妻子住在尼亚加拉大瀑布的安大略大道5217号。他的孩子和妻子仍然住在尼亚加拉大瀑布的同一居民中。 1992年8月27日凌晨9:08,一个朋友拜访了佩里,后来发现他死在床上。分析表明,他的头部后侧和侧面多次被钝器击中。事件发生时他是一个人,研究表明,他从背部被击中时就睡着了。

后来的消息显示,他已经退休,正在城市里工作,并非法从事烟酒的销售。一个装有现金和珠宝的盒子不见了,表明谋杀的动机。佩里先生的去世是尼亚加拉大瀑布中数百人中的一员。他的非法交易可能是由于生活压力大并试图履行家庭责任。尼亚加拉大瀑布的失业导致人们从事非法计划和谋杀,使该城市成为该地区最受恐惧的地方。社会人口现状代写 社会出生率代写 社会经济代写

Like many other municipalities across the province


Niagara Falls is not immune to a rising number of homelessness or people losing their homes. Low-income households in Niagara Falls are at higher risk of being homeless due to rising house prices and costs of rents that are not affordable to most people. Most people claim that rents are high and unaffordable in the city, and comparatively, their income is too low.

According to Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) the number of rental spaces remained higher in 2018 while the demand for rental spaces also remains high (Ellis, 2018). It is a reflection of the economic need for housing but no disposable income to occupy these spaces. As real estate market is growing, the standard of living for low-income households will continue to deteriorate.社会人口现状代写 社会出生率代写 社会经济代写

译文:

像全省其他许多城市一样

尼亚加拉大瀑布无法避免越来越多的无家可归者或无家可归的人们。 由于房价上涨和大多数人无法负担的租金成本,尼亚加拉大瀑布的低收入家庭无家可归的风险较高。 大多数人声称,城市租金高且负担不起,相对而言,他们的收入太低。

根据加拿大抵押与住房公司(CMHC)的数据,2018年的租赁空间数量仍然较高,而对租赁空间的需求也仍然很高(Ellis,2018)。 这反映了住房的经济需求,但没有可支配收入来占据这些空间。 随着房地产市场的增长,低收入家庭的生活水平将继续恶化。社会人口现状代写 社会出生率代写 社会经济代写

Furthermore, food insecurity in Niagara Falls is intense, and unemployment reduces.


The financial difficulties facing people in Niagara have increased the cost of living, and people find it challenging to keep up. Seven per cent of the unemployed Niagara people have challenges to access food (Human Resources and Skills Development Canada, 2013). More than 11 per cent of the total population turned to Ontario Works, the Ontario Disability Support Program (ODSP) or Employment Insurance programs in 2012 (Niagara Region Community Services, 2012).社会人口现状代写 社会出生率代写 社会经济代写

More so, even those who are earning enough money are not able to afford healthy food. The Canadian 63 per cent of salaried people worry about amount, type, variety, and quality of food they consume. Thus, this group may have compromised on the quality or quantity of food. Also, in 2013, more than 10,000 people including 34 percent children were served from Niagara food banks (Food Banks Canada, 2013). The 70 per cent of those served from food banks also access social assistance or ODSP from the government. The number increased by 15 per cent in 2008. The trends in declining food security in Niagara county is a threat to the economy of Niagara Fall City.

译文:

此外,尼亚加拉大瀑布的粮食不安全状况十分严重,失业人数减少了。

尼亚加拉人民所面临的经济困难增加了生活成本,人们发现继续保持生活充满挑战。尼亚加拉失业人口中有7%面临获取食物的挑战(加拿大人力资源和技能发展部,2013年)。 2012年,超过总人口的11%转向安大略省工作,安大略省残疾人支持计划(ODSP)或就业保险计划(尼亚加拉地区社区服务,2012年)。

更重要的是,即使那些赚钱的人也无法负担得起健康食品。加拿大63%的受薪人员担心他们食用的食物的数量,类型,种类和质量。因此,该群体可能在食物的质量或数量上有所妥协。此外,2013年,尼亚加拉食品银行为10,000多人提供服务,其中包括34%的儿童(加拿大食品银行,2013年)。从食物银行提供服务的人中有70%还从政府那里获得社会援助或ODSP。该数字在2008年增加了15%。尼亚加拉县粮食安全下降的趋势对尼亚加拉大瀑布城的经济构成了威胁。社会人口现状代写 社会出生率代写 社会经济代写

References


Dewey, C. & Prohaska, T. (2019). Why is Buffalo Niagara shrinking when Erie is growing? Look to Niagara County. The Buffalo News. Retrieved from https://buffalonews.com/2019/04/28/why-is-the-region-shrinking-look-to-niagara-county-for-clues/

Ellis, C. (2019). Crisis in St. Catharines: Affordable Housing and Homelessness. Brook Press. Retrieved from http://www.brockpress.com/2019/01/crisis-in-st-catharines-affordable-housing-and-homelessness/

Food Banks Canada. (2013). Hunger report 2013: Ontario Association of Food Banks. Retrieved from https://feedontario.ca/wp-社会人口现状代写 社会出生率代写 社会经济代写content/uploads/2015/09/2013_Hunger_Report_-_Final.pdf

Greater Niagara Chamber of Commerce. (2018). Niagara’s joblessness rate remains high. Retrieved from https://gncc.ca/niagaras-jobless-rate-remains-high/

Hugnagel, J. (2016). Niagara Falls also #1 when it comes to Crime, Poverty, Taxation. The Niagara Reporter. Retrieved from http://niagarafallsreporter.com/niagara-falls-also-1-comes-crime-poverty-taxation/

Human Resources and Skills Development, Canada. (2013). EI Economic Region of St. Catharines. The unemployment rate for September 7, 2014, to October 11, 2014. Retrieved from: http://srv129.services.gc.ca/ei_regions/eng/stcath.aspx?rates=1.

Niagara Region Community Services. (2012). Public Health and Social Services Committee Report COM 36-2012. Follow up-to COM 20-2012 The New Normal: Unemployment and Increasing Social Assistance Caseloads in Niagara Region.社会人口现状代写 社会出生率代写 社会经济代写

Niagara Regional Police Service. (n.d). Homicide Case. Retrieved from https://www.niagarapolice.ca/en/whatwedo/frankperry.asp

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