PEST分析方法是一个常见的分析工具，关键运用在宏观经济分析法视角（比如营销战略），也是商科专业留学人员写paper最常见的统计分析方法。它根据政冶P、经济发展E、社会发展S及技术性T四个层面的各种因素大体上掌握环境分析，并点评这种要素对公司发展战略和发展战略制订的危害。PEST剖析就是指环境分析的剖析，P是政冶(Political System)，E是经济发展(Economic)，S是社会发展(Social)，T是技术性(Technological)。在剖析一个集团公司所在的情况的情况下，一般 是根据这四个要素来开展剖析集团公司所遭遇的情况。文中paperdaixie.com共享Pest分析方法及Pest分析法范例。
大家再再次紧紧围绕上文提到的难题探讨，传统式PEST剖析中过度依靠权威专家和本人，主观强，这个问题不仅反映在建立剖析因素阶段，也产生在要素点评阶段（对找到的要素开展点评）。过去的要素点评，主要是靠本人或团队大会，就某一项要素而言，比如：周边城市的政冶可靠性（摘抄：政冶要素（一级）——国内形势（二级）——三级要素），对机构发展战略或新项目的影响水平是不是存有，是有益還是危害，水平怎样，全靠主观性判定式的阐述，即便 是选用权威专家人群评定法，也不可以将全部的点评要素考虑到全，并且一些团体评定法还会继续遭受权威性、盲目跟风等不利条件的危害，輸出的結果看起来井然有序，但会存有一定抽象性，不利中后期剖析。开展PEST剖析，较大 的輸出使用价值是：可以对整体、部分态势开展整体性定量化，给领导者一个全面性、数据可视化表述，另外将得到的重要影响因素，可以判定或量化分析键入到SOWT分析法中，供进一步管理决策应用，这才算是PEST剖析的使用价值重要。
Analysis of Disney with PEST method
- P (political factor)
Disney films is represented by the United States. The analysis of political factors mainly includes the government's macro control and direct management of the media, laws and regulations of communication, mass media policies, etc. From the political point of view, because the United States is a capitalist country, the free capitalist system is deeply rooted in the hearts of the people, and the competitive culture is also very developed. The United States is a competitive country, and competition is encouraged in many ways. The role of government in competition is very small. The role of government is to play a reference to competition, not as a high standard, not as a participant. Therefore, in terms of the government's macro control and direct management of the media, the United States is quite loose. Here are two factors that I think have a great influence on Disney film production company from a political perspective:
(1) Grading system
The film rating system of the United States is a committee composed of parents organized by the Motion Picture Association of American (MPAA), which evaluates the film on behalf of the views that most parents may give according to the theme, language, violence, nudity, sexual scenes and drug use scenes of the film. The purpose is to provide parents with information about the film in advance, and help parents to judge which films are suitable for children of a specific age. Ratings have nothing to do with the quality of the content.
MPAA serves its members in Los Angeles and Washington. The main members of its Committee are the chairmen and presidents of the seven largest film and television media giants in the United States, which are also members of MPAA. They are:
Influenced by the American rating system, most of the films produced by Disney are g or PG. This may put forward some requirements for Disney's theme expression and content display. However, since most of the movie themes produced by Disney film production company are animation and two of the main members of MPAA belong to Disney Company, in general, the classification system brings some advantages to Disney Company.
(2) Antitrust law
This is the general name of the statute law formulated by Congress to protect competition, oppose monopoly and restrictive trade practices after the United States entered the stage of monopoly capitalism.
The enforcement of anti-monopoly law is the protection of free capitalism, so that, although for a large company like Disney, the interests are damaged. But from the aspect of work innovation, it is precisely because of the pressure of anti-monopoly law that Disney film production companies are encouraged to innovate the old and constantly create and improve different themes, which is also conducive to promoting the development of the American film market towards diversification and health.
- E (economic factor)
As the world's second largest media giant after AOL Time Warner, Disney ranked the highest in the media industry among the Fortune 500 in 2001, ranking 17th with an annual revenue of US $25.402 billion. This century old entertainment empire, with 120000 employees all over the world, has more than ten cable TV channels, five magazine publishing groups and four newspapers, six music brands and eight major American broadcasting companies, including ABC, 10 TV stations, 29 radio stations, 18 Internet companies, MGM film company, Walt Disney film production company, etc Film production companies; Disneyland in Los Angeles and Paris, Disneyland in Florida, Disneyland animal kingdom, world sports complex kingdom; 27 hotels, two cruise yachts, several hockey and baseball teams, Disney academy, etc.
But it's just 2001 statistics. At that time, Disney claimed that it had enough cash to complete any acquisition plan, enough cash reserves of up to $4.5 billion and strong loan ability to play a leading role in the acquisition market. In fact, he did. In the past 10 years, Disney has spent 15 billion dollars to buy Pixar, marvel and Lucas pictures, and has thousands of characters such as Buzz Light year, Luke Sky walker and iron man. For their huge entertainment empire and film industry has injected a new and strong force.
According to the latest data, the company is now experiencing another peak in its history. In the second quarter ended March 28, 2015, Disney's revenue reached 12.46 billion US dollars (about 77.23 billion yuan), higher than the average analyst's expectation of 12.25 billion US dollars (about 75.9 billion yuan), with a per share profit of 1.23 US dollars, higher than the average analyst's expectation of 1.11 us dollars.
In the past six quarters, Disney has exceeded analysts' average expectations in five quarters. Fortune even thinks the company is going through a peak, and Forbes recently said Disney was the most profitable film company last year. Since this year, the Disney movie Cinderella has made 521 million US dollars (3.23 billion yuan) of global box office, while Avenger League 2 has made 1.2 billion US dollars (7.44 billion yuan). Disney will also release Star Wars 7: the awakening of the force this year, which has attracted more than 200 million viewers. So Disney's earnings in the first half of the year are still strong. Disney is a land of fairy tales.
- S (social factors)
The consideration and analysis of social factors are mainly from the following aspects:
(1) The number and growth of audiences: with the development of economic globalization, the number of audiences of Disney animated films is no longer limited to the domestic market. Nowadays, the box office market of a Disney animated film is all over the world. In addition to the North American market and European market, in recent years, the Asian market, especially the mainland market, has become a strong box office guarantee for Disney films. The number of Disney animated films is increasing year by year.
(2) Age and change of audience: Disney animation films are basically g or PG, which means Disney animation films are aimed at the audience of the whole year. But in the beginning, animation was considered the exclusive of children, not the type of film. It wasn't until 1937 that Disney Studios released snow white and the seven dwarfs, the first long animated film in the history of the movie, that people changed their minds. Since then, animation film is not only a form of children's entertainment, but also a mainstream form of film, which also broadens the audience age of Disney animation film.
(3) Cultural background, values and belief Aesthetics
Disney Company is based in the United States, so its cultural background, values and belief aesthetics have a inextricable relationship with American culture. Therefore, in Disney's animated films, we can also see the spirit of "American Dream" striving for success, the yearning and praise for freedom and democracy, and the typical American personal heroism.
It can be said that Disney film company is a typical representative of American cultural output, but in order to adapt to the market of other countries, it will also timely adjust and adapt some of it
It can be said that Disney film company is a typical representative of American cultural output, but in order to adapt to the market of other countries, it will also timely adjust and adapt some of its own content. For example, "Mulan" is an animated film with Chinese color created based on Chinese folk stories. Princess and frog not only changes the traditional white princess into the black princess, but also changes the background of the story to the Modern New Orleans. It is also an innovation of Disney.
- Scientific and technological factors
There is no doubt that technology is a good play for Disney film company. Almost in the 20th century, Disney's animated films are the leading ones in the box office. At the same time, Disney is also the creator of almost all new animation technologies.
The factor analysis of science and technology environment mainly includes social science and technology level, National Science and technology policy and legislation, National Science and technology system. In these respects, the United States is undoubtedly the best. The United States has developed social science and technology, national policies and legislation support and encourage scientific and technological innovation, and the national science and technology system is also very complete. The first computer-based animated film "Toy Story" in the world comes from Pixar Animation Studio (now belonging to Disney film company). By the end of the 20th century, American animation films made a lot of use of digital technology and computer technology to make the picture more realistic. Nowadays, most of American animation films are CG films and TV animations. We can see the difference between American animation pictures and Japanese hand-painted animation pictures. CG film and television animation is computer animation, which is a technology of making animation with the help of computer.