Essay format写作攻略你了解多少?

  不清楚留学人员们是否有遇到过Essay聚堆的状况,这类状况想来大家都十分头痛。只是Essay Format都不清楚该怎么处理,Bibliography/Reference又要怎么写?要怎样才能保证不扣满Format分?下边就给大伙儿解读一下Essay创作疑难问题。

essay写作



 


  Essay Format

 

  针对全部的Academic Essay

 

  而言文件格式都基本一致。

 

  字体大小:12-point font size

 

  字体样式:Times New Roman

 

  行间距:double-spaced

 

  此外,针对Arts学科而言,篇幅限定也十分关键。一部分学科会将in-text citation或是footnotes也算作篇幅中,实际应以每门的Assignment规定为标准。

 

  The length of the paper should be XXXX words( /-10%).The penalty(5-point deduction)will apply to a paper which is outside this range.

 

  其次,Plagiarism针对Essay而言尤为重要!每一篇Essay都是会历经Turnitin系统软件查验內容类似率。因而citation的重要性就显而易见了。

 

  APA style?Harvard system?

 

  Chicago?Or MLA?

 

  What?究竟该用哪一种?

 

  他们各自又有哪些文件格式规定?

 


  APA style

 

  APA应该是学生们应用较广的reference方法。其文件格式规定关键为:

 

  规定学生们在逐渐开展文章段落开始创作前按一下Tab键以取代空格符首行缩进;

 

  二倍行距Double Space;

 

  字体样式规定Times New Roman;

 

  Intext citations文件格式:

 

  One author:

 

  …(Hawkins,2003).

 

  Hawkins(2003)reported that the results were inconclusive.

 

  OR In 1979,Conger conducted a study which showed that…

 

  Two authors:

 

  …(Bovey&Hede,2001)

 

  Reference list文件格式:

 

  1.book:

 

  Author surname,Author initial(s).(Year of publication).Title of book(edition number if not the 1st edition).Place of publication:Name of publisher.

 

  2.Journal article:

 

  Author family name,Author initial(s).(Year of publication).Title of the article.Title of the Journal,volume number(issue number),page numbers of the article.

 

  3.Web sites:

 

  Author/editor surname,Author/editor initial(s).(Year,month day of last update,or copyright year).Title of the page/document.Retrieved Month day,year,from URL

 


  MLA 8th

 

  MLA(Modern Language Association)坚信留学人员们都很了解,为英国当代語言研究会制订的Essay具体指导文件格式,在一般书写英语Essay时理应应用MLA文件格式来确保学术专著的详细。

 

  Intext citation:

 

  在MLA文件格式中,一般以intext citation替代论文脚注及尾注,文件格式为:

 

  author’s last name and a relevant page number;

 

  Eg:…it was the worst of times”(Dickens 5);

 

  wrote Charles Dickens of the eighteenth century(5)

 

  留意:如有一个之上的创作者,用“and”而不是“&”连接~

 

  Eg:(Brown and Czerniewicz 2010)

 

  Reference list文件格式:

 

  1.book:

 

  Last name,First name.Title of Book.Publisher,Year of Publication.

 

  2.Journal article:

 

  Last name,First name.“Title of Article.”Title of Journal,volume,issue,year,page range of article.Database,URL.

 

  3.websites:

 

  Last name,First name.Name of site.Publisher or sponsor of site,date of publication(if available),URL.

 


  Chicago

 

  Intext citation:

 

  在Chicago文件格式中,就并不是用intext citation了,必须在文章正文中添加持续的自然数标识论文脚注及尾注,其文件格式为:

 

  1.Book:

 

  Note Number.Author’s First and Last Names,Title of Book:Subtitle of Book(Place of Publication:Publisher’s Name,Date of Publication),page number(s).

 

  2.Journal article:

 

  Note Number.Author’s First and Last Names,“Article Title,”Title of Publication Vol no,issue no(Date of Publication):page number(s).

 

  3.Websites:

 

  Note Number.“Title of Webpage”Name of Website,Date modified/accessed,URL.

 


  Harvard

 

  Reference list:

 

  1.book:

 

  Eg:Brick,J 2009,Academic culture:a student’s guide to studying at university,National Centre for English Language Teaching and Research,Sydney.

 

  2.Journal article:

 

  Eg:Prentice,C 2010,‘Terms of ambivalence:cultural politics and symbolic exchange’,Australian Literary Studies,vol.25,no.4,pp.33-54.

 

  3.Websites:

 

  Fein,B 2011,‘The Patriot Act is at war with the constitution’,The American view:God,family,republic,viewed 8 November 2011,http://archive.theamericanview.com/index.php?id=1770

 

  全部参考书以作者姓名的字母顺序排序,一个创作者有多本经典著作时,则按年代依次顺序排列。

 

  之上便是有关Essay的创作攻略大全共享,如今学生们该了解要怎么写Essay了吧!假如也有不了解的,必须找essay代笔得话,提议找大家paperdaixie.com!新客户首单立减5%!

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