代做功課邊間好?Essay文章中【状语从句】该怎么写?

 

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状语从句句式要怎么写?

一,時间状语从句句式

【句式49】主句 when(while, as, before, after) 从句

【妙句存盘】


  1. When my uncle came yesterday, I was busy with my work.

昨日我大伯来的情况下,我正忙碌工作中。


  1. I took care of my little brother while Mother was away.

爸妈不在家时,我照料小jj。


  1. The girls sang merrily as they were walking along the river.

女孩们临江走去,边走边唱。


  1. He had finished his homework before I got home.

我回到家以前,他早已做完了课外作业。


  1. I』ll go and see him before he starts for Beijing.

他出发去上海以前,我能去探望他的。


  1. My brother learned English after he had entered the college.

我哥哥读大学以后才学英语。

【创作点津】

when, while 和 as 都能够正确引导時间状语从句,可是在所表示的意思上有所区别。

when:关键用于指一点時间,还可以用于指一段时间。因而when-从句中的谓语动词能够是一瞬间性形容词,还可以是延续性动词。

while:只能够指一段时间,而不能指一点時间。因而,在 while-从句中的谓语动词务必是延续性动词,宾语一般仅限于完成时或情况形容词的一般时。

as:等同于 when, while(在……时,当……期内)。它既能够指一点時间,还可以指一段时间。如果我们讨论另外产生的事儿或另外存有的状况,as, when或 while 都能够通用性。

留意,when和while还能够作并列连词,联接并排的分句,这时,when 作「这时候」或「那时候」(and then)解,while作「而;却」解。作并列连词用时,when前边的分句一般 用完成时或情况形容词的一般时。

在应用before(在……以前)和after(在……以后)2个从属连词时,要留意主句谓语动词和从句谓语动词中间的時间关联。

Exercise 49

Put the following sentences into English.


  1. 他一边听老师上课一边做笔记。

  2. 太阳光一出去大家就醒来。

  3. 我还在创作的情况下,请保持安静不要喧哗。

  4. 她阅读的情况下睡觉了。

  5. 她已经讲话,这时候,忽然进去一个警员。

  6. 昨天晚上他在雨天以前就到家。

  7. 王艳在上初中以前入学过英语。

答案

1 He took notes as/while/when he was listening to the teacher.

2 We get up when the sun rises.

3 Please keep silent while/when I』m writing.

4 While(she was)reading, she fell asleep.

5 She was speaking when a policeman came in.

6 He got home before it began to rain yesterday evening.

7 Wang Yan had learned some English before she went to middle school.

【句式50】主句 until/till-从句

【妙句存盘】


  1. He stayed up until/till it was four next morning.

他经常熬夜一直等到第二天凌晨四点。


  1. Liu Chunlei did not go home until/till he finished his work.

刘春雷一直把工作中做了以后才回家了。


  1. He read and read until/till it was dark. 他读着读着,一直读到天黑了。

【创作点津】

所述三个词组意味着了 till/until的三个不一样的使用方法:


  1. 假如主句中的谓语动词是延续性动词(如 keep, remain, stay, wait等),则用形容词的毫无疑问式,见词组1。这时可译者「一直到……(已经)」。

  2. 假如主句中的谓语动词是瞬时性形容词(如 arrive, come, finish, go, reach, start等),则用形容词的否认式,见词组2。这时的till/until 等同于before。

  3. 主句中的谓语动词重合应用,注重姿势的反复性,见词组3。这时,宾语一般都用延续性动词。

till和until 在含意上完全一致,一般能够通用性。但假如从句在句首时,则一般 用 until,而无需 till。

Exercise 50

Put the following sentences into English.


  1. 昨日朱丽娅一直等着你到天黑了。

  2. 他一直到四十岁還是个光棍。

  3. 雨停了她们才考虑。

  4. 她们练声一直练到午餐時刻。

  5. 这一小孩子看了电视连续剧后才逐渐复习功课。

答案


  1. Yesterday Zhu Lili waited for you till/until it was dark.

  2. He remained single until/till he was forty.

  3. They didn』t start till/until the rain stopped.

  4. They practised singing till/until it was lunchtime.

  5. The child didn』t begin to review his lessons till/until he finished watching the TV play.

【句式51】主句 since-从句

【妙句存盘】


  1. He has taught here since he came to this city.

自打他赶到这一大城市,他就一直在这里执教。


  1. She has never been ill since she left the hospital.

她住院至今一直沒有病过。

【创作点津】

用从属连词 since联接的時间状语从句表明「自打……至今」。从句中的谓语动词一般 用过去式,主句中的谓语动词一般 用现在完成时,以表明从以往某一時刻逐渐,一直持续到现在的姿势或情况,但从句中的谓语动词也可视性状况用现在完成时。比如:

I』ve known Li Yang since I』ve lived in this street.

自打我去了到这条路上至今我也了解李扬。

主句中也有效一般现在时的,尤其在「It is some time since...」的构造中更是如此,比如:

It is five years since we met last time.

自打之前碰面至今早已五年过去。

Exercise 51

Put the following sentences into English.


  1. 自打学习英语至今,大家早已学了三千个英语单词。

  2. 自打到武汉至今,她们参观考察了很多所高校。

  3. 大家从念书起便是最好的朋友了。

  4. 之前接到你的信后也是三个月了。

  5. 这一学年至今我看完了三本英文书。

答案


  1. We』ve learned 3000 words since we began to learn English.

  2. They have visited several colleges since they came to Wuhan.

  3. We have been good friends since we were at school.

  4. It is three months since I received your last letter.

  5. I have read three English books since this term(began).

【句式52】主句 as soon as/the moment ……

【妙句存盘】


  1. They all stood up as soon as the teacher came in.

教师一进去,她们都站起。


  1. I will write again as soon as I am free.

我一有时间便会再写的。


  1. I recognized him the moment(that)I saw him.

我一眼就认出来了他。


  1. The moment(that)the teacher came in, the children stopped talking.

教师一进去,学员们马上终止交谈。

【创作点津】

as soon as 表明「一……(马上)就……」的含意,从句的姿势基本上跟主句的姿势另外产生,等同于the moment that正确引导的从句,因而,词组1可改为:They all stood up the moment(that)the teacher came in.

和别的表示时间的连词(如 after, before, still, when等)一样,假如主句用将来时,则 as soon as 从句用一般现在时表明「未来」(见词组2)。

Exercise 52

Put the following sentences into English.

1 你要一到飞机场就帮我通电话。 (as soon as)

2 我一看到他就把这个信息对他说。 (as soon as)

3 一到村子,她们就逐渐帮农户干活儿。 (as soon as)

4 表演一完毕,他就离开剧院。 (the moment)

5 我一接到信就出发回家。 (the moment)

答案

1 Please call me as soon as you arrive at the airport.

2 I』ll tell him the news as soon as I see him.

3 As soon as they got to the village, they began to help the farmers with their work.

He left the theatre the moment the performance was over.

I started home the moment I received the letter.

二,地址状语从句句式

【句式53】主句 where/wherever-从句

【妙句存盘】


  1. Take him where it』s quiet.

把他送到清静的地区去。


  1. I shall meet him where I first met you.

我将在我第一次见你一面的地区去见他。


  1. Wherever you go, you may find friends.

无论我一个人走到哪去,你都很有可能寻找盆友。


  1. He goes wherever he wants.

他想起哪里就到哪去。

【创作点津】

本句式中的 where 作连词,含意贴近于 in(at, to)the place where,可译者「在(到)……的地区」。 where-从句装饰主语的谓语动词,是表明地址的状语从句。

可是,不一定全部由where正确引导的从句全是状语从句,where能够是连接副词,联接一个名词从句(作主语、宾语、表语);还可以是关系副词,正确引导一个定语从句。

wherever 正确引导地址状语从句时自身有两个含意:一是作「无论……在(到)哪儿」(no matter where)解,见词组3;二是作「在(到)任何地方」(at or to any place where)解,见词组4。

Exercise 53

Put the following sentences into English.


  1. 在哪儿摔倒就在哪儿站立起来。

  2. 无论她老公到哪里,她一直跟随他。

  3. 他打电话,要我留到原地不动。

  4. 你要在哪里留宿就在哪里留宿吧。

  5. 武汉位于湘江和汉水交汇处。

答案


  1. Get up where you fall.

  2. Wherever her husband goes, she always follows him.

  3. He phoned to ask me to stay where I was.

  4. You can pass the night wherever you want.

  5. Wuhan lies where the Yangtze and the Han River meet.

三,缘故状语从句句式

【句式54】主句 because-从句

Since/As-从句 主句

【妙句存盘】


  1. He was late because he didn』t catch the first bus.

由于沒有追上头班车,因此他迟到了。


  1. Because he was too serious, nobody wanted to talk to him.

由于他太严肃认真了,因此没人想同他交谈。


  1. As all the seats were full,he stood.

因为坐位都坐了人,因此他就站着。


  1. Since you are going, I will go too.

即然你需要去,那麼我也要去。

【创作点津】

表明缘故的状语从句一般 用从属连词 because,since,as来正确引导,because既可以用于宣布健身培训,还可以用以非正规的健身培训。 because从句一般 坐落于主句以后(见词组1),还可以由于注重而放置主句以前(见词组2)。在回应 why 的疑问句时,应当用 because来回应,而无需 as 或 since等。

since 和as 都作 「因为」、「即然」解,能够通用性,但 since 比 as 比较宣布,语调较强,因而在一般对话中常见 as。由 since 和 as 正确引导的缘故状语从句一般 放置句首,也可放置句末。

中国学生常把中文中的「由于……因此……」的句型错翻译成「Because... so(therefore)...」,它是普遍的不正确,应当防止。

Exercise 54

Put the following sentences into English.


  1. (由于)今天的天气很冷,你最好穿件外套。 (as)

  2. 大家由于水涨而不可以渡江。 (because)

  3. ——为何上周末你没看来我?——由于母亲生病了。 (because)

  4. 即然一切都做好准备,如今我们可以逐渐做测验了。 (since)

  5. 由于他学习培训不努力,因此上学期英语考试不及格。 (because)

  6. 昨天晚上因为下雪,大家都呆在家里。 (as)

答案


  1. As it is very cold today, you』d better put on a coat.

  2. We cannot(could not)cross the river because the water has risen(had risen).

  3. ——Why didn』t you come to see me last Sunday?——Because mother was ill.

  4. Since everything is ready, we can begin our experiment.

  5. He didn』t pass the English examination last term because he hadn』t studied hard.

  6. As it snowed heavily last night, everyone stayed at home.

四,目地状语从句句式

【句式55】主句 so that/in order that-句式

【妙句存盘】


  1. He learns English so that he may get more knowledge.

他学英语,为了得到大量的专业知识。


  1. We set off early in the morning so that we might get there in the afternoon.

大家一大早考虑,便于中午能赶来那里。


  1. Let』s get everything ready so that we can leave without delay.

使我们搞好一切提前准备,便于能马上出发。


  1. We should study hard in order that we might serve the people better in the future. 大家理应认真学习,便于未来能够更好地服务于人民。


  2. In order that everybody may understand it, write the notice in simple language. 为了更好地使每个人都能搞清楚,请使用简要的文本来写这张通告。


【创作点津】

so that 和 in order that正确引导表明目地的状语从句,作「便于」、「为了」解。从句中一般 要用 may(might)或 can(could)。假如主句的谓语动词是现在时或将来时,那麼从句中就需要用 may 或 can;假如主句中的谓语动词是过去式,那麼 so that 从句中就需要用 might 或 could。

so that 和in order that正确引导的状语从句一般 可以用 so as to 或 in order to 等不定式短语来替代,其实际意义不会改变。

so as to和in order to在含意上同样,但在使用方法上之别。前面一种一般 坐落于句末,而后面一种既能够坐落于句首,还可以坐落于句末。

Exercise 55

Put the following sentences into English.


  1. 他大声吼叫,便于他人能听见他讲话。

  2. 她很早已到服务厅来到,为了找一个好坐位。

  3. 格林老先生来我国,为了参观考察万里长城和别的名胜古迹。

  4. 为了更好地老百姓日常生活得更强,大家务必认真工作。

  5. 马克思主义学俄语,为了掌握俄罗斯的国内形势。

答案


  1. He shouted at the top of his voice so that(in order that)he might be heard.

  2. She went to the hall early so that(in order that)she might get a good seat.

  3. Mr Green came to China in order that(so that)he might visit the Great Wall and other places of interest.

  4. In order that people may live better, we must work hard.

  5. Marx learned Russian in order that(so that)he might know the political situation in Russia.

五,結果状语从句句式

【句式56】主句 so a./ad. that-从句

主句 so that-从句

主句 such n. that-从句

【妙句存盘】


  1. Your performance was so good that I was very impressed.

你的演出很精彩纷呈,帮我很深的印像。


  1. She did so well in the office that she was praised by the manager.

她在办公室里干得很优异,遭受了主管的夸奖。


  1. We were so deeply moved that we could not fall asleep that night.

大家深深感动,以至于当日晚上睡不着觉觉。


  1. He often told lies, so that no one believed him.

他经常撒谎,因而没人坚信他得话。


  1. He stayed up late last night, so that he couldn』t get up early as usual.

他昨天晚上经常熬夜了,因此不可以仍旧早醒来。


  1. It was such a warm day that they went swimming.

气温那样溫暖,因此她们都去游泳了。


  1. I was having such a nice time that I didn』t want to leave.

我玩得棒极了,不愿意离开。


  1. He had made such great progress that everybody admired him.

他发展那样大,因此大家都艳羡他。

【创作点津】

so...that 意为「这般……以至」,正确引导表明結果的状语从句。 so是介词,用于装饰之后的修饰词或介词,表明其水平的尺寸。 so that 在句中的意思是「因而」、「以至」、「因此」,同 so...that的含意相仿,但后面一种有表明程度的意思,而前面一种却沒有。

such...that意为「这般……以至」,用于正确引导表明結果的状语从句,与 so...that的构造类似,含意同样,但 such 后跟专有名词。

Exercise 56

Put the following sentences into English.


  1. 于雷唱得很漂亮,遭受了观众的高度评价。 (so...that)

  2. 大家开展了用心的科学研究,因此大家能制定出一项行之有效的方案。 (so that)

  3. 大家沒有充足的机器设备,結果没能准时进行此项工作中。 (so that)

  4. 安娜是那样一个可爱的孩子,因此每一个人都喜爱她。 (such...that;so...that 各一句)

  5. 我的签字笔掉到餐桌下边来到,因此也没有看到它。 (so that)

  6. 雷锋是那样一位爱国的人,因此每一个人都想向他学习。 (such...that;so...that各一句)

答案


  1. Yu Lei sang so beautifully that he was highly praised by the audience.

  2. We had a serious study, so that we were able to work out a practical plan.

  3. We didn』t have enough equipment, so that we didn』t finish the work on time.

  4. Jenny is such a lovely child that everybody loves her./Jenny is so lovely a child that everybody loves her.

  5. My pencil fell under my desk, so that I couldn』t see it.

  6. Lei Feng was such a noble man that everyone wants to learn from him./Lei Feng was so noble a man that everyone wants to learn from him.

六,较为状语从句句式

【句式57】主句 as adj./adv. as 较为状语从句

主句 not/so(as) adj./adv. as 较为状语从句

【妙句存盘】


  1. Lou Ji is as tall as his elder brother. 娄集同他的亲哥哥一样高。


  2. Alice sings as beautifully as her mother. 阿里唱得和她母亲一样美。


  3. I am not so(as)good at drawing as you are. 我不会和你那般善于美术绘画。


  4. I do not work as(so)hard as he does. 我工作中不象他那般勤奋。


【创作点津】

应用「as adj./adv. as」这一构造时,在其中的修饰词或介词得用原级。第一个 as 是介词,装饰之后的修饰词或介词;第二个as是连词,联接一个表明较为的状语从句。这一状语从句的宾语一部分假如与主句中的宾语同样,则常常被省去;假如状语从句中的宾语与主句中的宾语不一样,则不可以省去。

not as(so) adj./adv. as意指「比不上……那般;不象……那般」,在其中的修饰词或介词也用原级。在 not 后用介词 so 或 as 均可,但句末的 as 是连词(联接一个表明较为的状语从句),不能用 so更换。

Exercise 57

Put the following sentences into English.


  1. 大河不象湘江那般长。

  2. 这间房屋基本上跟我的宿舍一样大。

  3. 贺颖歌唱比不上她亲姐姐唱得好。

  4. 此项工作中务必尽早进行。

  5. 武汉市的冬季不象北京的冬天那般冷。

答案


  1. The Yellow River is not so(as)long as the Yangtze River.

  2. This room is almost as large as my bedroom.

  3. He Ying does not sing as(so)well as her sister.

  4. The work must be finished as soon as possible.

  5. Winter in Wuhan is not so(as)cold as that in Beijing.

【句式58】主句 adj./adv.比较级 than ……

主句 (the) adj./adv.最高级别 ……

【妙句存盘】


  1. She is older than I(am). 她比我年龄大些。


  2. Su Guixin is more diligent than his younger brother.


苏桂欣比他侄子努力些。


  1. They arrived earlier than we did. 她们比大家早到一些。


  2. A truck goes much faster than a bike. 货车比单车跑的快多了。


  3. The first question is the easiest of the four.


第一个难题是四个难题中最非常容易的。


  1. Li Tiantian is the most diligent pupil in the class.

李甜甜是班里最努力的学员。


  1. John speaks Chinese(the)most fluently of all the foreign students.

在全部外国籍学员中罗伯特说中文最流畅。

【创作点津】

本句式表明A>B(或A<B),要用「修饰词(或介词)的比较级 than」的构造,在其中的than一般作连词,联接一个表明较为的状语从句,从句中的宾语假如与主句的宾语同样,则常常被省去,但有时候还可以作为代词,后边接专有名词和人称代词的宾格。在非正规的英语中,尤其在英语口语中,than 的后边常见人称代词的宾格形式(如 me, him, her, us, them等)。在较为宣布的书面语言中,常见人称代词的主格(如 I, he, she, we, they等)。

当表明「大很多」、「快得多」、「老得多」等含意时,要用 much或 far来装饰这种修饰词或介词的比较级,而无需 very。

留意,当 A、B二项开展较为时,要把相较为的二项并排出去。但一些中文语句中比照的二项并不十分显著,这时候必须需注意应用代词 that, those, one等,以使比照的二项可以并排。比如下述中文语句的英译文翻译第(1)句是错的,第(2)句才算是对的:

她们班男生比我们班男生学习培训勤奋些。

(1)The boys in their class work harder than our class.(误)

(2)The boys in their class work harder than those in our class.(正)

你那本书封面比我的好看多了。

(1)The cover of your book is more beautiful than mine.(误)

(2)The cover of your book is more beautiful than that of mine.(正)

在应用「(the) adj./adv.最高级别 ……」时,在修饰词或介词的最高级别前边一般 得加定冠词the,而在句末一般 有一个表明范畴的状语,以表明在哪个范畴内开展较为。

留意,修饰词最高级别有时候作「十分(very)……」解,这时候可加不定冠词,或不用冠词。比如:It』s a most touching story.

Exercise 58

Put the following sentences into English.


  1. 加拿大是全世界最大的岛屿。

  2. 我们的教室是院校里最清理的。

  3. 北京市秋季的气温比武汉市清凉得多。

  4. 每一个人都了解列车跑得比轿车快。

  5. 这是我所读过的最好是的一本小说。

答案


  1. Australia is the largest island in the world.

  2. Our classroom is the cleanest(one)in our school.

  3. In autumn the weather of Beijing is much cooler than that of Wuhan.

  4. Everybody knows that a train runs faster than bus.

  5. It』s the best novel that I have ever read.

七,方法状语从句句式

【句式59】主句 as/as if/as though-从句

【妙句存盘】


  1. You ought to do as she told you. 你应依照她的标示去做。


  2. He doesn』t speak as other people do. 他讲话和他人不一样。


  3. She loves the child as if he were her own son.


她那般喜爱这一小孩子,仿佛他便是她的亲生父母大儿子一样。


  1. I remember the whole thing as if it happened yesterday.

我还记得所有事儿,就好像产生在昨日一样。


  1. She looks as if she had something important to tell me.

她看起来仿佛有哪些关键事儿要跟我说一样。

【创作点津】

as 作「依照」、「仿佛」解,正确引导一个表明方法的状语从句,装饰主句中的谓语动词。假如把本句式创作「A as B」(A—主句,B—从句),则其实际意义等同于「A像B那般地……」。因此词组1还可以意译成「你应该像她对你说那般地去做」。

在as正确引导的从句中的谓语动词假如与主句中的谓语动词同样,则从句中的谓语动词用助动词 do(does, did)替代,以防止反复。

as if和as though 都作「仿佛……」、「如同……」解,但 as if 用得较为广泛。 as if/as though 造成的从句一直在主句以后,这类从句大部分是状语从句(见词组3和词组4),还可以是表语从句(见词组5)。

由 as if/as though 正确引导的从句中,谓语动词一般用虚拟语气。假如谓语动词是be,一般 用 were 这一方式,无论是啥尊称。

Exercise 59

Put the following sentences into English.


  1. 大家应当依照孙先生的教育去做。

  2. 天色逐渐看上去好像要下雪了。

  3. 谦逊点。不必讲起话来像个大佬一样。

  4. 我听见外面一片嘈杂声,仿佛有些人在同大家的隔壁邻居争吵。

  5. 她们是学生了,你没应当像对小孩似的看待她们。

答案


  1. We should do as Mr Wang teaches us(to do).

  2. It looks as if it would(was going to)snow.

  3. Be modest. Don』t speak as if you were a great man(very important person).

  4. I heard a noise outside, as though somebody was quarrelling with our neighbors.

  5. Now that they are college students, you should not treat them as if they were children.

八,妥协状语从句句式

【句式60】Though/Although-从句 主句

【妙句存盘】


  1. Though he was ill, he kept on working.

他尽管生病了,但仍坚持不懈工作中。


  1. Although there are many difficulties, they are determined to do the work well.

尽管有很多艰难,她们還是信心把工作中搞好。

【创作点津】

though 和 although 都表明「尽管……可是……」的含意,二者能够互相代用,但前面一种比较一般,而后面一种比较宣布。 though(although)正确引导的妥协状语从句能够放置句首(如所述词组),还可以放置句末。如: He kept on working though he was ill.

中国学生在应用 though(although)造句子时,一般 在主句前面 but。如词组1经常错写出: Though he was ill, but he kept on working. 这是由于她们认为though(although)仅仅「尽管」的含意,实际上though(although)应当了解为「尽管……可是……」的含意,换句话说,词意自身就带有「可是」的寓意,假如再加but,便是邯郸学步了。请较为下述四个语句,分辨正误:

尽管工作中重,可是我很喜欢它。

Though it is hard work, I enjoy it.(正)

Though it is hard work, yet I enjoy it.(正)

It is hard work, but I enjoy it.(正)

Thought it is hard work, but I enjoy it.(误)

Exercise 60

Put the following sentences into English.


  1. 他尽管太穷,可是很老实巴交。

  2. 樊志成尽管健壮,但他仍不可以抬起那大石头。

  3. 虽然孙亚伟学习培训很刻苦,可是他获得的发展不大。

  4. 我爸爸尽管年迈了,但他很身心健康。

  5. 虽然你很聪慧,你也不太可能解出来这道难点。

答案


  1. Though he is poor, he is honest.

  2. Though Fan Zhicheng is strong, he cannot lift the rock.

  3. He made little progress although Sun Yawei studied very hard.

  4. My father is healthy though he is old.

  5. Although you are very clever, you are unable to work out the problem.

(九)标准状语从句句式

【句式61】主句 if/unless-从句

【妙句存盘】


  1. If you can』t finish the book in time, you may renew it.

假如你不可以立即看了这本书,你能续借。


  1. We will go and visit the museum if it is fine tomorrow.

如果明天天睛,大家将去参观博物馆。


  1. I would have finished it in time if I had worked all night.

如果我整夜的做,我原本是能够立即达到目标的。


  1. I』ll go there unless it rains. 假如天没雨,我可能去那里。


  2. Unless you work harder, you won』t pass the examination.


除非是你更为认真学习,不然你是不容易根据考試的。

【创作点津】

条件句(if-从句)分真正条件句和非真正条件句二种。真正条件句(见词组1和词组2)所表明的假定状况是很有可能产生的,在这类条件句中谓语动词用阐述语调。如果是实属假定的状况或者产生的概率并不大的状况,则用非真正条件句(见词组3),这类条件句中的谓语动词要用虚拟语气。

if-从句能够在句尾,还可以在句首。在真正条件句中谓语动词无需一般将来时的方式,即便要表明即将产生的姿势或未来存有的情况,还要用一般现在时表明「未来」。

unless=if...not,意思是 「如果不……」,「除非是……,不然……」。在一般 状况下 unless 可以用if...not 替代。 unless所正确引导的从句能够放置主句以后,也可在主句以前,可是假如主句是祈使句,则 unless-从句 只有在主句后。比如:Come tomorrow unless I phone. 除非是我通电话,不然你明日就来。

Exercise 61

Put the following sentences into English.


  1. 假如她们回绝大家的提议,她们毫无疑问会不成功的。

  2. 假如你不在意,我也把录音机合上了。

  3. 如果我们不上北京市度暑期,大家就要庐山。

  4. 如果明天误了列车,你能乘公交车去那里。

  5. 除非是大家如今下手干,不然大家是不可以准时达到目标的。

  6. 除非是大家获得她们的适用,不然大家不太可能寄希望于取得成功。

答案


  1. They will certainly fail if they refuse our suggestions.

  2. If you don』t mind, I will turn off the radio.

  3. If we don』t spend the summer holidays in Beijing, we will go to Mountain Lu.(Unless we spend our holiday in Beijing, we will go to Mountain Lu.)

  4. If you miss the train tomorrow, you can go there by bus.

  5. Unless you do it right now, you can』t finish the work in time.(If you don』t do it right now, you can』t finish the work in time.)

  6. We can』t hope to succeed unless we have their support.(We can』t hope to succeed if we don』t have their support.)

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