college essay写作8个最大误区

The biggest misconception out in College Essay-Writing Land is that college essays are complex, tricky undertakingsyou can only get through with hours of painful labor. Goodnews: that's dead wrong.


在高校论文撰写界,较大 的误会是,大学论文是繁杂的、繁杂的每日任务,你只有根据好多个钟头的痛楚劳动者来进行。喜讯:它是彻底不正确的。


College Essay-Writing


The truth is that the college essay is simple. It doesn't need to be creative. It doesn't need to bewitty. It doesn't require fancy vocabulary. What it does needis to show you'll be SUCCESSFUL in college and beyond. (This blog post walksyou through how to make the case you'll succeed by aligning your essaywith the 5 traits colleges look for in applicants.) And, it's got to answer all the partsof the prompt. But that's about it.


实际上,大学论文非常简单。它不用创造力。它不用风趣。它不用花里胡哨的语汇。它所必须的是证实你能在高校和之后获得成功。(这篇blog将对你说怎样根据将你的文章内容与高校在申报人的身上找寻的五个特性相符合来证实你能取得成功。)它务必回应全部的提醒。但我不相信爱情。


To show why this is actually astraight-forward process — in fact, one you can ace in just aboutfour hours for your longest one (see Myth 8 below) — we're goingto debunk the top eight myths about college essays. All the myths are relatedto that fundamental misconception about essays being complex — isn't it niceknowing that, for once, the truth is much simpler?


为了更好地表明为何这是一个非常简单的全过程——实际上,你能在4个钟头内进行你最多的一篇毕业论文(见错误观念8)——大家将戳穿有关大学论文的8大错误观念。全部的错误观念都和有关文章内容繁杂的基础误会相关——知道这一次实情更简易,并不是非常好吗?


Myth 1: CollegeEssays Are About Showcasing Excellent Writing Skills


错误观念1:大学论文是用于展现出色的写作方法的


Reality: Essays are about showcasing your abilityto succeed in college and beyond. This means content matters: Your growth, whatyou've learned and why it makes you an ambitious, creative, motivated personwith great values.


客观事实:毕业论文是用于展现你一直在高校及其之后获得成功的工作能力。这代表着內容很重要:你的发展,你学得了哪些,为何它给你变成一个开疆辟土、想象力丰富、有进取心的人,有着杰出的价值观念。


What doesn't matter is style — with theexception of clarity. Clear writing scores points. "Creative" writingalmost always costs points. That includes beautiful metaphors, clever analogiesand the rest of the literary arsenal that many students worry about showingoff. Time and energy devoted to this extraneous style stuff is leading youastray: Stay focused on clearly illustrating the experiences that prove you'llbe successful in college and beyond.


关键的是设计风格——除开清晰性。撰写清楚可评分。“艺术创意”创作基本上一直要投入成绩。花在这种不相干的健身培训上的時间和活力会给你误入歧途:要致力于清晰地表明这些能证实你一直在高校和之后会取得成功的历经。


Myth 2: ReadingStrong Example Essays Will Set You on the Right Path


错误观念2:阅读文章出色的案例文章发表给你踏入恰当的路面


Reality: Please don't. Here's what's most likelygoing to happen — and we say this because we've seen it so many times: You'regoing to latch on to the flashy parts in the essay that are actually extraneousto what makes it work.


实际:请不要。它是最有可能产生的事儿——大家那么说是由于大家早已见过很数次了:你需要把握住文章内容中喧嚣的一部分,而这种一部分事实上是无关痛痒的。


As we said in Myth 1, descriptive languageis a distraction. It's the content that matters. But it's really hard not tolet a lovely turn of phrase turn your head when reading someone else's words.If you must read a sample essay, put on your Admissions Officer hat, and lookfor evidence that the student will be successful and exemplify the five traits.


如同我们在错误观念1中常说的,说明性的語言会分散化专注力。关键的是內容。可是如果你读他人得话的情况下,你难以不被这种讨人喜欢的语句所吸引住。假如你务必需读一篇范例,那么就戴喜欢你的招收官的遮阳帽,找寻能证实你的学员可能取得成功的直接证据,并能证实你具有这五个特性。


Myth 3: ThePersonal Essay Is the Place to Tell Your Life Story


错误观念3:本人小短文是叙述你的人生经历的地区


Reality: Your family background is rarely the most compellingthing about you. Instead, focus on experiences related to the five traits.


客观事实:你的家庭情况非常少就是你最引人注意的物品。反过来,应当关心与这五种特性有关的历经。


Myth 4: First YouChoose Your Prompt, Then You Write Your Essay


错误观念4:最先你挑选你的主题风格,随后写你的文章内容


Reality: Nope. The first thing you need to do isthink through what experiences in your life show you can succeed in college andbeyond. Once you've figured out what you want to say, scroll through yourprompt choices, and select the one(s) that let you say it. (In fact, even ifthe college doesn't give you a choice, this is a good method to make sure youranswer focuses on what matters.)


实际:不。你需要做的第一件事是思索你在日常生活中什么历经能使你在高校或之后获得成功。一旦你想说什么,翻转你的提醒选择项,并挑选一个(好多个)让你觉得。(实际上,即便 院校不让你挑选的机遇,这也是一个让你的答案集中化在关键的事儿上的好方法。)


Myth 5: Strong Essays Use Formal Writing and Impressive Vocab Words


错误观念5:优秀的文章应用宣布的创作和让人印象深刻的语汇


Reality: Think of a college admissionsofficer. Think of all the essays they have to read. So many!! Now, give thatpoor soul a break. Stand out by being that essay that gets straight to thepoint, and wins their heart in the process. Great essays use a conversationaltone, including contractions (ex: "don't,""can't"), everyday words, the first person (I, me, my), and short,easy-to-follow sentences. Even sentence fragments, on occasion. Their focus ison succinctly telling a powerful story. A general rule of thumb – only use acomplex or compound sentence once every three sentences (max).


实际:想一想大学招生官。想一想她们需读的文章内容。这么多! !如今,饶了哪个可伶的生命吧。写一篇震撼主题风格的文章内容,进而获得另一方的好感度,进而出类拔萃。优秀的文章应用会话式的语调,包含简称(比如:“don’t,”“can’t”),日常用词,第一人称(I, me, my),及其简洁明了、便于理解的句子。有时候乃至是语句精彩片段。她们的关键是简约地叙述一个强有力的小故事。一个基础的工作经验规律——每三句话只应用一次复合句或复合句(数最多)。


A note on adjectives: As Mark Twain once said, "If youcatch an adjective, kill it." Adjectives tend to weaken writing. In anydraft, go through and cut every instance of very, great,extremely, amazing and other superlatives. They just don't add value.The only adjectives you should keep are descriptive ones (ex: secretive, blue, box-shaped).


有关修饰词的注释:如同马可·吐温以前说过的,“假如你把握住了一个修饰词,把它杀掉。”修饰词会消弱创作实际效果。在一切一份文稿中,都需要认真仔细并删掉十分、杰出、极为、令人震惊和别的最高级别的每一个案例。他们仅仅不可以提升使用价值。你只应当保存说明性的修饰词(比如:神密的,深蓝色的,小盒子形的)。


Myth 6: InSomething as High-Stakes as a College Essay, Students Always Answer the Promptin Full


错误观念6:在写大学论文那样高危的事儿上,学员一直会详细地解答问题


Reality: Admissions officers invariably tell us howoften they get essays that leave parts of the prompt unanswered. Colleges don'task questions they don't want the answers to. Yet smart, motivated studentsleave critical parts out all the time. Avoid this mistake by carefullyoutlining your answer to each prompt with clear notes for each part of thequestion. And, double check that you fully answered each question every timeyou review a draft.


客观事实:招收高官一直告知大家,她们接到的毕业论文有几回沒有回应一部分难题。高校不容易问她们不要想回答的难题。殊不知,聪慧、积极主动的学员一直忽视重要的一部分。为了更好地防止这一不正确,你能细心地列举每一个题型的回答,并清晰地记录下来难题的每一部分。而且,每一次看文稿的情况下,都需要认真仔细你是不是回应了每一个难题。


Myth 7: It'sAlways a Great Idea to Get Feedback from the Smart, Wise Grown-Ups Who Know You Well


错误观念7:从掌握你的聪慧的成人那边得到意见反馈一直一个好点子


Reality: This is a great way to go on a wild goosechase. Most grownups — like most students — buy into that big misconception weled with in the intro. The one about college essays being complex, and needingbeautiful, much-polished language to succeed. If left to their own devices,these adults can lead you down language-y rabbit holes that do you more harmthan good.


实际:这是一个非常好的方法去做白费的事儿。大部分成人——像大部分学员一样——都接纳了我们在开局时就造成的哪个极大的误会。一篇有关大学论文繁杂,必须幽美的、历经润饰的語言才可以取得成功的文章内容。假如放任不管,这种成人很有可能会将你带到对你大于利的“語言超级黑洞”。


Instead, choose one or two smart, kindadults, and ask them to focus on whether you've shown you can succeed in collegeand beyond. How? By having them answer three specific questions:


反过来,你能挑选一两个聪慧、善解人意的成人,让她们关心你一直在高校和之后的日常生活是不是可以获得成功。怎样?让她们回应三个实际的难题:


1.What did you learn about me? (e.g.personality traits, values, strengths)


你一件事有哪些掌握?(比如性格特点、价值观念、优点)


2. How could the content be more compelling?(i.e. what didn't you learn that you wanted to?)


怎样才能让內容更吸引人呢?(换句话说,什么叫你要学却没学过的?)


3.Is the essay well structured? How could itbe improved?


文章内容好么?该怎样改善呢?


Myth 8: College Essays Should Take Forever to Write and Rewrite


错误观念8:大学论文应当花很长期来写和调用


Reality: Honing. Crafting. Refining. Yeah, thoseare great skills. You just don't need them here. As insane (andtoo-good-to-be-true) as it might sound, the entire process of writing yourlongest essay — the personal essay — should take about four hours spread acrossone week. Here's Prompt's process in a nutshell:


实际:珩磨。制做。精练。是的,这种全是非常好的专业技能。你仅仅不用她们在这儿。这听起来很瘋狂(并且好得让人难以想象),但写你最多的一篇文章——本人文章内容——的全部全过程必须在一周内花销大概四个钟头。下列是Prompt的处理方式:


Day 1: Brainstorm content (45 minutes).


Day 2: Create an outline (30 minutes).


Day 3: Write the first draft (30 minutes).


Day 4: Revise, based on feedback (75 minutes).


Day 6: Get more feedback, and revise again (30 minutes).


Day 8: Final read-through and polish (30 minutes).


·第一天:头脑风暴游戏內容(45分钟)。


·第二天:建立一个轮廊(三十分钟)。


·第三天:写成第一稿(三十分钟)。


·第四天:改动,根据意见反馈(75分鐘)。


·第六天:得到大量意见反馈,再度改动(三十分钟)。


·第八天:最终细读和改动润饰(三十分钟)。


The best way to get started on thisdelightfully short writing process is to walk through Prompt's freebrainstorming tools, which you can do by creating a free Prompt account and going to the Content tab.


要想逐渐这一开心的简洁明了创作全过程,最好是的方式是访问一下Prompt的完全免费头脑风暴游戏专用工具,你能建立一个完全免费的Prompt账号,随后转至Content标签页。

发表评论

客服一号:点击这里给我发消息
客服二号:点击这里给我发消息
微信客服1:cxj17623630232
微信客服2:Sleeboy
微信客服3:Badgeniuscs
微信客服4:Sboylee