APA格式引用书籍Reference写法

由于大家留学人员写essay引入数最多来源于是书本,文中中大家就以APA文件格式为例子比较详尽的为大伙儿剖析应用书本做为引入来源于的情况下in-text citation及其reference list写作教程,期待对大伙儿有一定的协助。


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如果应用APA文件格式时, 最先确定所应用材料的种类, 再根据下边相匹配文件格式开展编写 。【需尤其注意斜体字 & 标点】


书本(Print & Online)


单创作者(Single author)


In-text citation


Components: 


(Author Surname, Year) 


举例说明: 


The environmental aspects of… (Calder, 2009) 


Calder (2009) states that … 


Reference list


Components: 


Author Surname,Author Initial.(year).Title(Edition).Place of Publication:Publisher.


举例说明:


Calder,A.(2009).Compliance for green IT:A pocket guide.Ely,England:IT Governance.


俩位创作者(Two authors)


In-text citation


Components: 


(Author Surnames, Year) 


举例说明: 


The research challenges…(Bernstein & Tiegerman, 1989) 


 Bernstein and Tiegerman (1989) have illustrated… 


Reference list


Components: 


Author A Surname,Author A Initial.,& Author B Surnmane,Author B Initial.(year).Title(Edition).Place of Publication:Publisher.


举例说明:


Bernstein,D.K.,& Tiegerman,E.(1989).Language and communication disorders in children(2nd ed.).Columbus,OH:Merrill.


三~五位创作者(Three to five authors)


In-text citation


Components:


(Author Surnames, Year) (first citation) 


(First Author Surname et al., Year) (subsequent citation)


举例说明: 


(Curwen, Palmer, & Ruddell, 2000) (first citation) 


(Curwen et al., 2000) (subsequent citations)


Reference list


Components:


Author A surname,Author A Initial.,Author B Surname,Author B Initial.,Author C Surname,Author C Initial.,Author D surname,Author D 


     Initial.,& Author E Surname,Author E Initial.(Year).Title(Edition).Place of Publication:Publisher.


举例说明: 


 Curwen,b.,Palmer,S.,& Ruddell,P.(2000).Brief cognitive behaviour theeapy(Brief  Therapies Series).London,England:Sage.


六位之上创作者(Six or more authors)


In-text citation


Components (six or more authors): 


(First Author Surname et al., Year) 举例说明:


(Midgley et al., 2000) 


Midgley et al. (2000) states that …


Reference list


Components (more than seven authors): 


Author A surname,Author A Initial.,Author B Surname,Author B Initial.,Author C Surname,Author C Initial.,Author D surname,Author D 


    Initial.,& Author E Surname,Author E Initial.,Author F Surname,Author F Initial.,...Author(Last)Surname,Author(Last)Initial.


    (Year).Title(Edition).Place of Publication:Publisher.


举例说明:


Midgley,C.,Marhr,M.l.,Hruda,L.,Anderman,E.M.,Freeman,K.E.,Gheen,M.,...Urdan,T.(2000).Manual for the patterns of adaptive learning scales(PALS).Ann Arbor:University of Michigan.

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