英语论文代写:如何使用【恰当动词】来引述来源?_paper代写


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在英文毕业论文创作时,若想转述参考文献的材料来源于时,要如何选择适度的形容词呢?是不是有特殊的语法方式必须遵照呢?有时,受制于形容词字汇掌握很少,经常在每段上都应用「studied」或者「said」,是不是有其他适当的形容词能够应用呢?

回应: 

意谓挑选特殊形容词来引入材料来源于,您能够说明自身针对引入材料来源于的心态。切忌持续反复「Smith说」,英语里有很多与像「说」那样的形容词可列举。运用词典来检查您挑选应用的形容词,看一下是不是与您所感表述的实际意义有微小的差别。

有关怎么使用「转述形容词」,这里有一些语法句式可供参考效仿:

句式1:reporting verb 转述形容词 that subject 主关键词 verb 形容词

  • acknowledgeadmitagreeallegeargue

  • assertassumebelieveclaimconclude

  • considerdecidedemonstratedenydetermine

  • discoverdoubtemphasizeexplainfind

  • hypothesizeimplyindicateinfernote

  • objectobservepoint outprovereveal

  • sayshowstatesuggestthink

  1. Smith argued that X influences Y.

  2. Previous researchers have implied that the procedure is harmful.

  3. Smith found that X's are improved by class factors.

  4. Lee inferred that both states are vital.

一定要注意这种形容词的实际意义也不同样,而且不可以相互之间更换应用。举例来说,词组(a)的形容词argue,说明您分辨创作者的结果是依据直接证据及逻辑推理而成,但仍有别的很有可能的结果。词组(b)的形容词imply,说明您分辨学者的直接证据及逻辑推理非常具备感染力,因而沒有别的很有可能的结果。  

当心应用形容词discuss或express与that 联接的使用方法,请参照下述的事例。

不正确:The reviewer expressed that the movie is not worth seeing.

恰当:The reviewer expressed the view that the movie is not worth seeing.

留意:这一类型的形容词也很有可能出現于以As为开头的依附子句。    

a. As Smith demonstrated , errors made by previous researchers need to be corrected.      

b. As researchers have shown , the procedure is harmful.  

句式2:reporting verb 转述形容词 somebody/something 别人/ 某件事    for noun/gerund 专有名词/ 动名词

  • applaudblamecensurecriticizedisparage

  • faultpraiseridiculesingle outthank

  1. Smith criticized Jones for his use of incomplete data (OR for using incomplete data).

  2. Both Smith and Jones condemned previous researchers for misrepresenting the data.

  3. Lee acknowledged Thomas for his contribution to the discovery of X.

句式3:reporting verb 转述形容词 somebody/something 别人/ 某件事  as noun/gerund/adjective 专有名词/ 动名词修饰词

  • appraiseassesscharacterizeclassclassify

  • definedepictdescribeevaluateidentify

  • interpretportraypresentreferview

  1. Jones described the findings as adding to the existing body of research.

  2. Smith identified the Y as a source of information.

  3. Smith and Jones both presented their results as conclusive.

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