Option 2 Benefits and drawbacks of social existence
社会学paper代做 The strict mother’s coldness leads to her final tragedy. Secondly, human sociality has the benefit to create new things and the
Social existence is essential for all human beings. In most cases, people need to live in a community rather than alone. This theme has been reflected in the novels Shelley’s Frankenstein and Crane’s Maggie in many different ways. By contrasting these two novels, this short essay aims to explore the nature, benefits and drawbacks of social existence based on the two novels’ primary materials.
The nature of human sociality
Human beings are a social species that relies on social relationship to survive and get social development. From this point, it can be seen that cooperation and interactions are important aspects of human sociality. Over the long history, the ability to generate cooperation and interactions in a competitive world is one cause of the human beings’ evolution to promote the social development. Both in Shelley’s Frankenstein and Crane’s Maggie, the social cooperation and interactions are fully reflected. In Shelley’s Frankenstein, Victor’s mother and father, Elizabeth as well as Walton have deep emotional bond to support each other. In contrast, this kind of social relationship shows the cold side in Crane’s Maggie, Maggie does not enjoy much warmth, and her social relationship with others is mainly ruined by poverty. Thus, she is not happy.
The benefits of human sociality 社会学paper代做
Human sociality has many benefits. Firstly, it allows people to enjoy the warmth of family and generate deep emotional bond with other family members. In in Shelley’s Frankenstein, Victor speaks that “my mother’s tender caresses and my father’s smile of benevolent pleasure while regarding me are my first recollections” (Shelley 19). Victor’s father and mother create one warm family for Victor to reduce his loneness and make him grow happily. This is one major benefit of human sociality. However, this case is different in Crane’s Maggie, even though Maggie also has family members, she could not feel the warmth.
The strict mother’s coldness leads to her final tragedy. Secondly, human sociality has the benefit to create new things and the ambition for exploration. Walton and Victor are such people in Frankenstein. Walton describes that “I preferred glory to every enticement that wealth placed in my path” (Shelley 17). He has the motivation to seek for his voyage of exploration and become successful. Similarly, Maggie in Crane’s Maggie is also a girl wanting to explore her new life. She lives in poverty, but she still has romantic hopes for a better life remain untarnished (Crane, 12). Thus, she leaves home with Pete. But she is not lucky like Walton and Victor in Frankenstein. Finally, she was abandoned by Pete and became one prostitute.
The drawbacks of human sociality
Human sociality also has its drawbacks which have been reflected into two novels in different ways. In Shelley’s Frankenstein, the drawback is reflected in the discrimination and prejudice from human society to other species (the monster). The monster also wants to have partners like human beings. However, when he was hated and discriminated by human beings including Victor deeply, so the monster felt very angry aiming to take revenge. He killed Frankenstein's brother William and his fiancée Elizabeth.
Finally, in the struggle, Frankenstein died, and the monster also jumped into the sea to kill himself. The root cause is the discrimination and prejudice from human society to the monster. Finally, the tragedy happens. Similarly, in Crane’s Maggie, Maggie was also discriminated by other social members to become one prostitute in the end. The social injustice and the forces of poverty caused Maggie’s tragedy. Another drawback of human sociality is selfishness. Human beings would sacrifice others and things for personal benefits.
This kind of selfishness makes human beings to conquer the nature with no respect. As in Shelley’s Frankenstein, the monster is created with no respect to the nature, so in the end, the human beings are faced with the unexpected results. As for Crane’s Maggie, the selfishness is fully reflected in Peter and Nellie who is the "woman of brilliance and audacity". At the same time, Maggie’s mother is also selfish. She does not care about Maggie’s life, but she thinks Maggie’s act to leave home would “bring disgrace upon her family” (Crane, 21). When Maggie could not get warmth from these selfish people, she finally became the prostitute and her life was ruined.
In summary, human sociality is formed based on the social interactions and relationship. Benefits are obvious including giving warmth and generating deep emotional bond as well as creating new things and the ambition for exploration. However, human sociality also has drawbacks which are discrimination and prejudice as well as selfishness.
Crane, Stephen. Maggie, a Girl of the Streets. Penguin, 1893/2015.
Shelley, Mary. Frankenstein. Dover, 1994.