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       要想英文写作表述好,第一步,便是学会放下大家原来的语言表达能力的原有习惯性,去习惯性并学好英语表述的关键。那麼对于英语而言,什么叫“good writing”?



       it’s plain and it’s strong.It has a huge vocabulary of words that have precise shades of meaning;there’s no subject,however technical or complex,that can’t be made clear to any reader in good English—if it’s used right.



       英文是简易确立,英语词汇量丰富多彩,沒有特殊的主题风格,简洁明了,立即不繁杂。



       在创作中更趋向挑选来源于Anglo-Saxon的语汇开展表述



       英文关键有两个来源于,一个是注重绮丽的Latin(拉丁语),另一个是Anglo-Saxon(盎格鲁撒克逊语)。



       The words derived from Latin are the enemy—they will strangle and suffocate everything you write.The Anglo-Saxon words will set you free.



       源于拉丁语的语汇,会就是你创作的对手,而来源于盎格鲁撒克逊的语汇,可以合理的协助你。



       总而言之,来源于拉丁语的语汇较为绮丽而裂缝,没什么具体含意,因此 在创作中更要灵活运用来源于Anglo-Saxon的语汇开展表述,而不是Latin词。



       例如:



       “Dear member:The board of governors has spent the past year considering proactive efforts that will continue to professionalize the club and to introduce efficiencies that we will be implementing throughout 2009.”



       那样的一段话,实际上好多个词就能归纳了。那样的表述把句型复杂化,恍恍惚惚,如同政治家的宣言口号,全是空谈。



       而源于Anglo-Saxon(盎格鲁-撒克逊)的一些专有名词,则要简洁明了重要的多,例如:house,home,child,chair,bread,milk,sea,sky,earth,field,grass,road…



       总而言之,不必应用这些你认为令人印象深刻,或者“文学类”的语汇。简易无模棱两可,清楚一目了然的语汇就是你的主要挑选。



       最好是的专用工具是



       主动语态下的Anglo-Saxon形容词



       主动语态下的形容词可能给你的文章内容更为强有力。



       最先,你需要弄清楚,积极和被动语态形容词间的差别:



       主动语态下的形容词表明一个特殊的姿势:JOHN SAW THE BOYS。



       这一恶性事件只产生过一次,并且大家一直了解who did what。是JOHN开展了“SAW”。



       但假如换为被动语态,便会变为:THE BOYS WERE SEEN BY JOHN.



       它更长,语气最弱:它必须三个英语单词(WERE SEEN BY而不是SAW),并且并不是那麼精准。大家不清楚罗伯特见到男孩儿多久一次?每日?每星期一次?



       主动语态能给语句一个高昂往上的驱动力向前走,可是被动语态则缺乏这一份驱动力。“momentum is given to a sentence by active verbs and the sentence is pushed forward by them”



       感受一下这一段来源于“Walden(瓦尔登湖)”的至理名言,你能有更刻骨铭心的感受:



       I went to the woods because I wished to live deliberately,to front only the essential facts of nature,and see if I could not learn what it had to teach,and not,when I came to die,discover that I had not lived.



       我想去山林,由于希望可以真实的日常生活去寻觅全球的真知,看看我是不是没法学习培训它所来教我的东西,而不是,当我们迈向身亡时,却发觉也没有用心熬过。



       这句话中活跃性着:went,wished,front,see,learn,die,discover.这种的形容词。这句话中44个英语单词有39个是一个声调,有一句话中,有五个英语单词有一个之上的声调。



       Short is always better than long.



       但假如把这句话改为被动语态会是如何:



       A decision was made to go to the woods because of a desire for a deliberate existence and for exposure to only the essential facts of life,and for possible instruction in its educational elements,and because of a concern that at the time of my death the absence of a meaningful prior experience would be apprehended.



       每每用处于被动形容词更换原话中的一个积极形容词时,还务必加上一个专有名词来使处于被动形容词起功效。



       “I went to the woods because”



       前边迫不得已再加上



       “A decision was made.”



       好好地用上主动语态下的形容词吧,active verbs.They are your best friends.



       英文写作的四个规则



       Clarity,Simplicity,Brevity,Humanity



       I have four principles of writing good English.They are Clarity,Simplicity,Brevity,and Humanity.



       ——Writing English as a Second Language



       最先,Clarity



       If it’s not clear you might as well not write it.



       因此 临时咱先把这个放到一边。



       次之是,Simplicity.



       什么叫简易呢?



       “Oh,Mr.Zinsser,you’re so funny,”



       便是简易。



       也许你能觉得那样简单的句子很愚昧,但许多 出色的文学家和发言稿的內容表述,便是这类类似“愚昧”的简易表述构成的。



       At night,lying in bed,I would let the slogans drift away,to be replaced with a series of images,romantic images,of a past I had never known.



       这句话是特朗普总统斯塔姆•美国奥巴马(Barack Obama)在他的回忆“Dreams from My Father”中写的。



       So remember:Simple is good.Writing is not something you have to embroider with fancy stitches to make yourself look smart.



       简易便是好,别惦记着如何整的繁杂,装B非常容易船翻啊。



       Brevity.



       “Short is always better than long.Short sentences are better than long sentences.Short words are better than long words.”



       举个十分不适当的比如,想一想现在多少人一见到绕弯子,就算了解是好的文章,都是会全自动个人收藏不要看。换位思考一下下,针对教师而言,他更喜欢又臭又长死大脑神经,事实上啥也没谈的“官样文章”,還是简洁明了轻轻松松阅读文章的Essay呢?不必写你一直在沟通交流中不容易说的话,创作便是在紙上或显示屏上与别人沟通交流。确实take it easy!别整繁杂了!



       Humanity.



       简单点来说,便是做好自己。始终不必尝试变成你一直在创作中不肯变成的人。Never try in your writing to be someone you’re not.不必为了更好地尝试越来越“更为优异”,而失去自身。

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