澳洲留学生在论文写作中常见问题分析

留学人员在创作毕业论文时,难以避免的会出現一些难题,比如语句冗杂、表述造成模棱两可、拼写错误等,这种难题尽管会危害毕业论文品质,可是能够根据改动避免的。今日我就给大伙儿小结了论文撰写出現的一些不容易发觉的、但十分关键的难题,每一项难题都是会对毕业论文导致致命性危害,期待留学人员在创作毕业论文时严加防范。假如对自身的写作能力缺乏自信,能够请同学们、盆友帮助见刊,一定要确保毕业论文没有大的出错才上缴噢。此外,想提高本身写作能力的同学们能够关心大家英语论文网,大量范例与创作攻略大全一应俱全,来过的小伙伴们都讲好!

      没法明确关键观点
类似大家语文课考試,在规范化外语水平考試的创作一部分也会出現偏题的状况。大家鉴别观点的艰难是由多种多样缘故造成 的:从单词到含糊抽象性的专业术语专有名词及其大脑反应迟钝等。单词和含糊专业术语非常容易根据依靠连词(如and前后左右成份的并列关系、rather than前后左右成份的比照关联)开展有效猜想。文中中,大家关键讨论因为大脑反应迟钝,造成 阐述不切题的状况。举例说明:Advertising has many positive economic effects, but it also has some negative effects to the society, because it will make people feel dissatisfied about who they are and what they have. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.许多 留学人员在文章内容中主要比照了广告宣传的积极主动经济发展效用和对社会发展的负面影响,却忽略了because正确引导的成份,一是由于语句抽象性,并沒有彻底了解;二是对其所蕴含的本质逻辑顺序沒有开展立即的逻辑思维变换,觉得because是对negative effects的无重要性表述,而客观事实是在观点中它具有了一个极其重要的限制和装饰功效。事实上,这篇文章内容的观点是:广告宣传有很多积极主动的经济发展效用,另外也是有来源于“让大家对自身到底是谁及其如今有着的东西滋长不良情绪”的社会发展不良影响。

 阐述观点过度繁杂
一般而言,毕业论文的开始要对观点开展复述。这一般出現在一篇议论文里的第一句或第二句。大部分同学们都是有一个嗜好,即在潜意识中里第一句一定是与该观点有关的社会发展或日常生活情况,小编在学习培训和课堂教学职业生涯里看到的更为普遍的句式便是“Nowadays, with the development of…”,水准更一般的学员乃至还会继续把nowadays正中间的a或是词尾的s给跳开。大家在这儿必须注重的是,详细介绍情况的语句可加并不加,视实际的观点而定,假如出現下列三种状况之一:沒有非常好的语汇或句式累积(准备软套模版开展情况引进);情况与观点关系不密不可分;观点复述篇数很大时(段首一共3-4句话为宜),并不建议强制再加上情况详细介绍。也有一点必须学生们留意的是,观点复述务必遵照三大标准:心态保持中立标准、关键词确立标准(对题目关键字开展合理复述)、逻辑清晰标准(突显比照、妥协、转折点)。

 观点表述模糊不清
大家刚刚讲到,英语议论文开头段中不一定务必要有情况详细介绍,可是这儿要强调的是在,开始段的末尾最好是说明自身的观点,大部分留学人员都是有那样的了解,可是却由于对实际的表达形式差别的忽略,造成 观点表述模糊不清。

“一边倒”式议论文中表述赞成可以用:

I tend to/entirely agree with…; Personally, I think their view has considerable merit; I am in favor of; I think that’s a valid point; I can aver that…

表述否认可以用:

I am afraid I can’t agree with; I don’t share their point of view; I cannot go along with…; I don’t think that idea will work; I seems to me that there may be other possibilities; I would say the exact opposite.

“最合适的”式议论文中表述一部分愿意可以用:

Theoretically, that may be true. But in reality, …; That may be true to a certain extent, but we also have to consider…; That might have been the case once, but now…; As I see it, there is more to it than that; They may have a point there, but…; I agree with their proposition, but with qualifications/reservations.

 论证结构不认真细致
在我们为接纳一个肯定得出原因的情况下便是在做论述(argument),一般而言论述由前提条件(premise)和结果(conclusion)组成。前提条件是为另一个肯定出示原因的阐述,被前提条件适用的肯定便是论述的结果。大家在英文论文撰写中不用像期刊论文那般,严苛地遵循”前提条件或假定 试验全过程/基础理论计算全过程 结果”一种论证结构,可是最重要的因素应当论述清晰,即论点论据和事实论据,通俗化来讲,我们在一篇优秀的英文论文撰写的主题风格文章段落(段首和尾端中间的一部分)一帮会出現3个上下的原因句(分论点),每一个原因句后边会紧随2—4个适用句,适用句出示事实论据(包含事例、客观事实、简易逻辑推理等)。许多 同学们列举出分论点或原因句以后沒有写事实论据或适用句的习惯性或是搞不懂充裕的适用句来或是写成了也仅仅没什么合外力的空谈堆积,它是逻辑思维层面的难题,能够阅读文章大家以前相关批判性思考的类似文章开展联络;另一点是,适用句写的没什么技巧和逻辑性可谈,拼写错误层出不穷,它是对逻辑性连词和英语的语法句型(如妥协状语从句、虚拟语气)把握不够而造成的。

 忽略末尾段
绝大部分的学员乃至是培训学校的教师在学习培训和教授英文写作时,都是会主要训炼如何去写成一个精彩纷呈的开始和圆润的行为主体,而忽视了作文结尾文章段落的必要性,要不机械设备反复上文所讲论点论据和事实论据,要不套入模版草草鸟事,甚至有会出現一些原则问题的不正确(例如在结尾为了更好地拼接篇幅而盲目跟风堆积新的论点论据等)。一篇逻辑性认真细致的优秀文章,应该是首尾呼应且应让人有一种回味无穷之感。一般而言,大家应当依据文章内容的基础见解和阐述架构在末尾对其开展paraphrase复述和summarize小结,或是整体提升等。现得出集中化编写末尾段的事例做为参照:

“Reducing class size is not just a matter of relieving pressure. It will enhance what a student learns and even the person they learn it from can learn from the process”(立在高空、对文章内容开展提升);

“For these reasons, we can safely conclude that classmates are too important a factor to ignore and they have more important influence than teachers on students’ success at school”(总结全文,复述论点论据);

“It goes without saying that both sources are important to us. However, as to me, knowledge from experience is even more important because without experience, it’s almost impossible to understand knowledge from books or to understand how to apply this knowledge in real life.”(明显比照,推进观点);

“I would like to say that I personally agree that formal education at an early age offers children benefits at all levels and therefore is more important than letting them play. After all, kids can always play after school but learning at school stimulates their brain growth and puts them in competitive social settings, which is indeed irreplaceable experience for such a critical stage of life.”(语调婉转 切合全篇)

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