澳洲留学生写作常见的30个错误,你被戳中了吗?

澳洲留学生创作普遍的30个不正确,你被戳中了没有?

1. The 的应用

1.)专指时应用

2) 一般复数,一般的不可数名词无需the

3)有一些充分必要条件短语无需加the

2. 名字

1) Africa,South America, the European Union 并不是我国,要the

2)我国一般无需the

3)即中国人要the The Japanese scientists

4)一些充分必要条件协同的国要the UK, the U.S. the Netherlands,

5)机构得加the the European Union

3. 语态

探讨他人的念头时,用 the present tense 和present perfect forms

可是如果你在表明一个以往产生的试验要用过去时

4. 语句信息内容排序:先旧信息内容再新信息内容, 先写先产生的,再写后产生的

介词一般放到形容词前

5. 分号的应用

In formal writing in English, we do not put a single comma between a subject and its verb.

6. Meanwhile

1)at the same time 另外

作at the same time 时, the 2 situations or actions must be related in a clear and direct way. 不能用meanwhile 替代 in addition,for this reason, however

2)while 比照

7. Overly complex sentences sometimes lack clarity 区划为一两句

8. Logic and full development 连接密不可分,逻辑清晰

9. Over-close paraphrasing

10. Poor logic 表述要清晰,有逻辑性

11. Rambling 语句要简约,除掉反复,不务必的词句

12. Referencing verbs and phrases

1)It is important to know whether a sentence is stating a fact, or gaining an explanation, or making an argument, claim or suggestion

2)措辞要精确:e.g. analysts believe (应是 reveal) that the price of oil is ¥139 a barrel ( 如果是客观事实就无需 人 state, 独特的见解才要人)

3)Claim 一般是一个假定

4)提议是用suggest

5)Seem and tend 用于 soften a statement or to express caution (不可以乱用)

6)并不是很明确,有某类很有可能才用,客观事实或很有可能大的无需seem 更精确

13. 处于被动语态

It is criticized that governments are not doing enough to reduce inequality

Governments have been criticized…..

It is found that. ….

It has been …… 现在完成时主动式的好

14. Over use referring verbs 应当避免浪费,由于会阻拦阅读文章

15. Relative clauses 长句子有模棱两可时要分离~

Human activities are the most important cause of air pollution which include transportation and the combustion of the power plant fuel 应当改为

Human activities, which….. , are the most important cause of air pollution

16. 随着状语从句应当放到正中间而不是结尾 (装饰性的放语句正中间)

难题: Students put the non-defining relative clause at the end of the sentence instead of with its subject in the middle or at the start of the sentence

2个which 一般无需

17. Collocations and Word formation

尽可能用名词形式使语句简约

A: adj noun. eg. economic problems

B: noun and noun eg. labour cost

C: nour and noun, “-”联接 eg. low-income countries

eg. rapid development of the economy——–rapid economic development

protection by the law—————legal protection

eg. In China, men can expect to love to the age of 78.

改后: In China, the life expectance is 78.

18: 措辞不可以肯定

eg.

it is universally agreed that (太肯定,都广泛愿意了就没必要探讨了)

改成 some agreed that

19. 表明转折点的连词:

although A, …B

whereas C,…D

while E,…..F

Despite G (一般是专有名词), H

I……However, K

这种词要在反过来,较为,转折点的状况下应用,不一样用在并排的状况

eg. Whereas dogs are good pets because of their social nature, cats are excellent pets for people who want company. (不正确)

. Whereas dogs are good pets because of their social nature, cats are unsuitable pets for people who want company. (合乎逻辑顺序)

20. 表明反过来

On the contrary ( 只在英语口语中应用)

应用: In contrast, In contrast to, on the other hand, the opposite of 等。

21. Consider 不可以乱用

If a sentence express a generally agreed fact then there is no need to use consider

如果是客观事实并且后边沒有critical argument,无需consider

eg. Nuclear power is considered to be (应删掉) a reliable power and CO2 free energy power.

处于被动语态中 be considered as 不正确 应是 be consider to be

22. 及物动词连系动词互用

最普遍互用的是decline (不及物)和reduce (及物)

eg. decline sth. 错 sth is decling

reduce sth. 对 sth is reducing错

23. Despite的使用方法

Despite the fact that noun verb

Despite noun, subject verb

In spite of noun phrase

Despite verb ing (之上都恰当)

不正确的应用: Despite it is….. Despite there is…

24. Exist 存有,存活。 不能用在“There is/are, to have 的含意

eg. Large dams already exist in developing countries.

恰当但改成

There are large dams in developing countries.更加当然

25. 乱用Factor

许多 情况下可用更实际一点的词替代 如causes等,更specific

26. 乱用people

写到humans, people,citizens时,要更为实际点,强调她们的实际真实身份!

eg。 More and more poor people (看实际真实身份如farmers)cut trees.

Be more concise and specific! citizen只有在政冶,法律法规相关的情境下应用

27. 乱用sth. cannot be ignored 太模糊不清了

be more direct and state what you mean

eg.用 —–needs to be analyzed

——-must be taken into account

——-is vital 等实际替代

28. 還是及物动词和非及物动词

raise 及物动词 increase 可及物也可不及物

当后边沒有专有名词时,不能用raise

eg. The cost of the project has raised. 不正确

29. 乱用influence 有一些状况下必须实际之处哪样influence及其危害水平

influence——改成 damaged, changed, is caused by, is linked to…..等

阵营,知名度 influence 危害 effect 二者不可以互用

30. it 和this 互用

it—–focus on event 恶性事件

this—focus on the situation or location 场景,姿势

eg. 1.The Great Revolution reached India in the 1970s. It (大事件)resulted in …..

2. New varieties of seed begun to be used by Indian farmers in the 1970s. This (恶性事件,状况)resulted in …

总结:必须代笔assignment吗?

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