法律学代写 – Social Justice – 司法系统 – 网课代修

Social Justice

社会正义


法律学代写  For this discussion, I choose a documentary, “13th about the American Criminal Justice System.” The film demonstrates historical..


 

Theme:

How African Americans are Disadvantaged in Our Justice System and by Other Institutions and what Should be done About it.

For this discussion, I choose a documentary, “13th about the American Criminal Justice System.” The film demonstrates historical injustices which were based on the prejudice and stereotypes .  Of African American people .  The crimes against black people were perpetrated by the government and installed justice system that perpetuated stereotypical and racist laws and policies.

The pollical and legal system in United States promoted segregation and labeled black people as invaders .  Who are like animals and therefore should not co-exist with the white. The policies and laws were further engraved in the mind of white Americans  . And propagated by media and hence incited violation against the rights of black people in all realm of Americans life.

译文:主题法律学代写 


非裔美国人如何在我们的司法系统和其他机构中处于不利地位,以及应该怎么做。 对于这次讨论,我选择了一部纪录片,“关于美国刑事司法系统的第 13 届”。 这部电影展示了基于偏见和刻板印象的历史不公正。 非裔美国人。 针对黑人的罪行是由政府犯下的,并建立了使陈规定型和种族主义法律和政策永久化的司法系统。 美国的政治和法律制度提倡种族隔离,并将黑人贴上侵略者的标签。 人如动物,不应与白人共存。 这些政策和法律进一步铭刻在美国白人的脑海中。 并通过媒体进行宣传,从而煽动对美国人生活各个领域中黑人权利的侵犯。


法律学代写 

As a result, black people were brutally murdered, raped and incarcerated without justice for them.

The psychology of courtroom decisions has revealed that personal backgrounds ,  Unconscious biases about race, gender, and appearance and even the time of day , Play a more critical role in outcomes than the actual law. A book by Adam Benforado, a professor of law at Drexel University ,  In his book “Unfair: The New Science of Criminal Injustice” expose the unsettling problems with the justice system in America.

The book reveals the illogical and unfair manners in which judges, jurors, attorneys ,  And others in the legal system make decisions on who walks free and who is sent to prison. According to him, the injustices are as a result of both psychological and neurological problems ,  And assumptions firmly cemented over centuries. Therefore, both the race of the victim and of the defendant influenced sentencing.

It has been found that the defendants with more stereotypical “black features” were more likely to be sentenced to death or imprisoned.

译文:结果,黑人被残忍地杀害、强奸和监禁,而他们没有得到公正对待。 法律学代写 

法庭判决的心理学表明,个人背景、对种族、性别、外貌甚至一天中的时间的无意识偏见,在结果中发挥着比实际法律更重要的作用。德雷塞尔大学法学教授亚当·本福拉多 (Adam Benforado) 在他的着作“不公平:刑事不公正的新科学”中揭露了美国司法系统中令人不安的问题。

这本书揭示了法官、陪审员、律师和法律系统中的其他人在决定谁可以自由行走和谁被送进监狱时所采用的不合逻辑和不公平的方式。据他说,不公正是心理和神经问题的结果,几个世纪以来,这些假设都牢固地巩固了下来。因此,被害人和被告人的种族都会影响量刑。

研究发现,具有更多刻板印象的“黑人特征”的被告更有可能被判处死刑或监禁。


What needs to be done?

Justice system needs both structural and psychological transformations to end this perennial systemic problem. Some of the actions that can be taken include:


  1. Carry out reforms on police and other justice enforcing bodies or entities.

  2. Have oversight on police conduct with stringent measures for justice contraventions.

  3. Do away with jurors and have judges only in a trial. The move will make judge responsible for their ruling and sentencing.

  4. Or there should be a change in how jurors are asked to do their job.

译文:需要做什么? 法律学代写 

司法系统需要结构和心理转变来结束这个长期存在的系统性问题。 可以采取的一些行动包括:

对警察和其他执法机构或实体进行改革。
对警察行为进行监督,对违法行为采取严厉措施。
取消陪审员,只在审判中使用法官。 此举将使法官对他们的裁决和量刑负责。


 

法律学代写 

 

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