数学齐次线性系统代写 homogeneous linear system

homogeneous linear system

数学齐次线性系统代写 For this to hold for all real values of 𝑥, the coefficients corresponding to the same powers of 𝑥 on both sides must match

(a) The vector equation 𝑎(−3,0,4) + 𝑏(5, −1,2) + 𝑐(1,1,3) = (0,0,0) can be rewritten as a homogeneous linear system by equating the corresponding components on both sides 数学齐次线性系统代写

−3𝑎 + 5𝑏 + 1𝑐 = 0
0𝑎 − 1𝑏 + 1𝑐 = 0
4𝑎 + 2𝑏 + 3𝑐 = 0

The augmented matrix of this system has the reduced row echelon form数学齐次线性系统代写

therefore the system has only the trivial solution 𝑎 = 𝑏 = 𝑐 = 0. We conclude that the
given set of vectors is linearly independent.
(b) A set of 4 vectors in 𝑅3 must be linearly dependent by Theorem 4.3.3.

4. (a) The terms in the equation 𝑎(2 − 𝑥 + 4𝑥2) + 𝑏(3 + 6𝑥 + 2𝑥2) + 𝑐(2 + 10𝑥 − 4𝑥2) = 0 can be grouped according to the powers of

𝑥 (2𝑎 + 3𝑏 + 2𝑐) + (−𝑎 + 6𝑏 + 10𝑐)𝑥 + (4𝑎 + 2𝑏 − 4𝑐)𝑥2 = 0 + 0𝑥 + 0𝑥2
For this to hold for all real values of 𝑥, the coefficients corresponding to the same powers of 𝑥 on both sides must match, which leads to the homogeneous linear system

2𝑎 + 3𝑏 + 2𝑐 = 0
−𝑎 + 6𝑏 + 10𝑐 = 0
4𝑎 + 2𝑏 − 4𝑐 = 0

The augmented matrix of this system has the reduced row echelon form数学齐次线性系统代写therefore the system has only the trivial solution 𝑎 = 𝑏 = 𝑐 = 0. We conclude that the
given set of vectors in 𝑃2 is linearly independent.

(b) The terms in the equation
𝑎(1 + 3𝑥 + 3𝑥2) + 𝑏(𝑥 + 4𝑥2) + 𝑐(5 + 6𝑥 + 3𝑥2) + 𝑑(7 + 2𝑥 − 𝑥2) = 0
can be grouped according to the powers of 𝑥
(𝑎 + 5𝑐 + 7𝑑) + (3𝑎 + 𝑏 + 6𝑐 + 2𝑑)𝑥 + (3𝑎 + 4𝑏 + 3𝑐 − 𝑑)𝑥2 = 0 + 0𝑥 + 0𝑥2

For this to hold for all real values of 𝑥, the coefficients corresponding to the same powers of 𝑥 on both sides must match, which leads to the homogeneous linear system

𝑎 + 5𝑐 + 7𝑑 = 0
3𝑎 + 𝑏 + 6𝑐 + 2𝑑 = 0
3𝑎 + 4𝑏 + 3𝑐 − 𝑑 = 0

The augmented matrix of this system has the reduced row echelon form数学齐次线性系统代写therefore a general solution of the system is数学齐次线性系统代写

Since the system has nontrivial solutions, the given set of vectors is linearly dependent.

5. (a) The matrix equation 数学齐次线性系统代写can be rewritten as a homogeneous linear system  数学齐次线性系统代写

1𝑎 + 1𝑏 + 0𝑐 = 0
0𝑎 + 2𝑏 + 1𝑐 = 0
1𝑎 + 2𝑏 + 2𝑐 = 0
2𝑎 + 1𝑏 + 1𝑐 = 0

The augmented matrix of this system has the reduced row echelon form 数学齐次线性系统代写therefore the system has only the trivial solution 𝑎 = 𝑏 = 𝑐 = 0. We conclude that the
given matrices are linearly independent.

(b) By inspection, the matrix equation数学齐次线性系统代写 has only the trivial solution 𝑎 = 𝑏 = 𝑐 = 0. We conclude that the given
matrices are linearly independent.


  1. By inspection, when, the vectors become linearly dependent (since they all become equal). We proceed to find the remaining values of 𝜆.

The vector equation 数学齐次线性系统代写can be rewritten as a homogeneous linear system by equating the corresponding components on both sides

数学齐次线性系统代写

The determinant of the coefficient matrix is数学齐次线性系统代写This determinant equals zero for all 𝜆 values for which the vectors are linearly dependent. Since we already know that

is one of those values, we can divideto obtain

数学齐次线性系统代写

We conclude that the vectors form a linearly dependent set for数学齐次线性系统代写


  1. Three vectors in 𝑅3 lie in a plane if and only if they are linearly dependent when they have their initial points at the origin. (See the discussion following Example 6.)
    (a) After the three vectors are moved so that their initial points are at the origin, the resulting vectors do not lie on the same plane. Hence these vectors are linearly independent.
    (b) After the three vectors are moved so that their initial points are at the origin, the resulting vectors lie on the same plane. Hence these vectors are linearly dependent.

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