EC 386—Introduction to Health Economics and Policy
卫生经济学essay代写 I will share a Doodle poll where you can schedule 10 minute blocks of one-on-one time. Initially you will be limited to scheduling
This module covers the economics of health and healthcare. This year there will be a special focus on applications of health economics concepts to understanding the ongoing coronavirus pandemic.
The aim of this module is to understand how methods developed in other economics classes can be applied to understand health and the healthcare sector. Using standard microeconomic tools, and informed by empirical analysis, we will discuss arguments and evidence which seek to answer questions such as:
- Did the standard tuberculosis vaccine BCG cause some countries to not have Coronavirus outbreaks?
- How do social distancing and other policies change transmission dynamics of infectious disease?
- Why do people with more years of schooling live longer on average?
- Why do government provide health insurance, and it improve peoples’ health?
- Do doctors respond to financial incentives when choosing types of care?
- How do we assess the (marginal) cost and (marginal) benefit of particular treatments?
We will pay special attention to problems that arise when trying to make reliable empirical inferences based on non-experimental data (eg. omitted variables bias); and to the types of research designs that can address these issues. You should also gain comfort in critically evaluating empirical claims in health economics, and in the social sciences more broadly.
Class and lecture dates
Wednesday 15:00 – 17:00 (3pm-5pm)
Weeks 2-6, 7-11
Eg. every Wednesday of the term, except November 18
Friday 11:00 – 12:00
Please treated as “mandatory” class.
(Incorrectly isted as “voluntary support class.”)
All lectures and classes will be conducted online, via Zoom.
In the lectures I will present concepts, mathematical treatments, and empirical findings on various topics. Each lecture will have associated readings, which should be completed before lecture. I will provide lecture notes and/or slides following each lecture.
I will encourage discussion and active engagement during lectures — using online quizzes and/or directly promoting in-person engagement.
For the 4 classes, I will ask you to submit a short note ahead of time on a paper, video, tweetstorm, news article, or research paper. We will then discuss what you’ve submitted and my thoughts. The basic structure of the note will be to state what is the substantive claim of the assigned piece, what empirical support is provided, and what additional assumptions are needed for the empirical support to substantiate the claim. Some notes will also have a short analytical/calculation-based question related to the piece. While these notes are not graded, the term paper and a portion of the exam will have a similar format.
In the second-half of the term there are no scheduled “classes”, but we will continue to have these short notes some weeks (eg 3-4 additional notes). In this period I will assign one longer note as a “formative assignment.” Although this will not count towards your final mark, I will mark these for your benefit. This will be great preparation for the term paper and exam (described below).
In some weeks I may decide to pre-record some of the lecture material beforehand. In this case, I will send an announcement on Moodle notifying you to watch the pre-recorded material before the lecture slot. We will then use some of the scheduled lecture time for discussion.
A term paper due in January will comprise 50% of your mark for the course. The term paper will follow a similar format to the notes described above — with a focus on critical evaluating the claims and evidence of a piece of writing. I will provide additional details in the next few weeks.
An exam during the usual summer timeslot will comprise the other 50% of your mark for the course. The exam will include one question with a similar format to the term paper and notes. The remaining questions will be more standard “formula”/calculation questions with which you may be more familiar.
Assigned readings should be completed before the lecture on the associated material. I will send announcements on Moodle updating you on assigned readings.
Many readings will come from the main textbook Health Economics, by Jay Bhattacharya. This can be accessed online vis Talis. If you need assistance please email the library. I will assign readings from other sources and will post them on Moodle and/or Talis.
Academic Support Hours 卫生经济学essay代写
Open hour: Monday 14:00-15:00 (2pm-3pm)
I will leave a Zoom meeting open. You can join and ask questions. I will answer and we can discuss as a group with whoever is on the call.
Scheduled hour: Friday 13:00-14:00 (1pm-2pm)
I will share a Doodle poll where you can schedule 10 minute blocks of one-on-one time. Initially you will be limited to scheduling only a single 10 minute block per week. But if there are free slots by Friday at 9:00am, you may schedule more.
Email me if the above times don’t work.
Schedule of topics
Bhattacharya, Chapter 1
What is health economics?
Topics to be covered
- Causality and Research Design
Freedman, David, “Statistical Models and Shoe Leather,” Sociological Methodology, 21, 1991, 291-313.
Richard Feynman “Cargo Cult Science”
Karl Popper “Science and Pseudoscience”
BCG and Coronavirus as an example
Randomized trials versus observational “quasiexperimental” studies
John Snow and cholera
- Coronavirus and the SIR Model 卫生经济学essay代写
Paul Taylor, “Susceptible, Infectious, Recovered” London Review of Books
Basic math of SIR Model
R0 and R
Review argument in following tweets in light of SIR model: https://twitter.com/trvrb/status/1291860659118804992
Bhattacharya, Section 21.2
- The demand for health and health care
Bhattacharya, Chapter 2
- Socioeconomics disparities in health
Bhattacharya, Chapter 4
Useful to at least skim this:
Clark, Damon, and Heather Royer. (2013) "The effect of education on adult mortality and health: Evidence from Britain." American Economic Review
- Health care policy: efficiency and equity 卫生经济学essay代写
Bhattacharya, Chapters 15, 16
(This is a lot of material, so no need to know exactly each fact about different countries etc. Focus on topics which we covered in the lectures)
Probably helpful additional reading on declining marginal utility of health care:
Chapter 3 of Health Economics by Charles E. Phelps
(Let me know if problem with link)