何谓【平行结构】?Essay写作该如何使用?_essay代写


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难题:

「编写一件事的毕业论文明确提出许多有关平行结构的建议。我想问一下什么叫英语句子的『平行结构』?」

回应:

平行结构就是指以「同样英语的语法展现好几个对等的定义」。这类创作的特点是会涉及语法、设计风格、修辞方法与內容。若应用得当,可提高阅读者和自身针对某一主题风格的了解与了解。

Do unto others as you would have others do unto you.(你要想他人如何看待你,便要先如何看待他人)

Some say the world will end in fire, some say in ice. (有些人说全球将结束于烈焰,有些人说结束于冰风)

下列是必须改动成平行结构的词组:

词组一

While it was raining, I had to run into the grocery store, the dry cleaners, and stop at the bookstore.

这一语句仍未选用平行结构,由于之中三个对等的定义里面,2个应用行为动词,一个却沒有形容词。在中间的对等定义里边再加上「duck into」后,语句便可造成出平行结构:While it was raining, I had to run into the grocery store, duck into the dry cleaners, and stop at the bookstore.(下雨时候,我只能跑进杂货铺、躲到洗衣店、滞留在图书店。)

另一个改动方法是将原话中的「stop at」删除,获得:While it was raining, I had to run into the grocery store, the dry cleaners, and the bookstore.(下雨时候,我只能跑进杂货铺、洗衣店、图书店。)

词组二

The test was long and requiring skills we hadn't learned.

这一语句并沒有选用平行结构,因为它是以不一样的英语的语法方式来展现2个对等定义。下列是改成平行结构的結果:

The test was long and required skills we hadn't learned.(这一考試必须花许多 時间,并且必须一些还没有学得的技术性。)

针对成对定义或例举新项目来讲(如所述2个词组所显示),应用时尽量注意「是不是合乎平行结构的句行」。谨记汉字须能配搭全部的成双定义或例举新项目,这类汉字包括冠词(the、a、an)与代词(by、for、of、on、to)。

成对定义的平行面句构

在英语句子中应用成双的定义或新项目,一般 会佐以较为句式,比如easier than、as much as、bigger than;对等连词,比如and、but、for、nor、or、so、yet ;有关连词,比如both…and、either…or、just as…so、neither…nor、not…but、not only…but also、whether…or。看完下列不正确的平行结构词组后,请将每一句改成恰当使用方法,每一句能够有一种之上的改法。

词组一

《比较句型》

Our neighbor's house is bigger than the size of our house.

参照改法:

Our neighbor's house is bigger than our house.(隔壁邻居比我家还大)

或者

The size of our neighbor's house is bigger than the size of our house.(隔壁邻居的尺寸比我家还大)

词组二

《对等连接词》

Shou-bi, my crazy dog loves running after Frisbees and plays with leaves.

参照改法:

Shou-bi, my crazy dog, loves running after Frisbees and playing with leaves.(我的一个狂犬病狗「瘦比」喜爱追着飞盘跑和玩落叶)

或者

Shou-bi, my crazy dog, loves to run after Frisbees and to play with leaves.(我的一个狂犬病狗「瘦比」喜爱追着飞盘跑和玩落叶)

词组三

《相关连接词》

Not only was he rude, but also ate all the shrimp balls.

参照改法:

Not only was he rude, but also he ate all the shrimp balls.(他不只不礼貌,还吃完全部的虾球)

或者

Not only was he rude, but he also ate all the shrimp balls.(他不只不礼貌,还吃完全部的虾球)

例举新项目的平行面句构

例举新项目不但包括嵌入在语句里的定义,也包含序号式或点列式的例举新项目。若要查验创作「是不是合乎平行结构的句式」,在其中一中方法是:叫出第一个例举新项目以前的句干,随后对于这一句干逐一提升事后例举新项目。如此句干能够配搭第一个新项目,则务必还要能配搭事后新项目,才可以合乎平行结构的句式。

词组

After I get off work, I'm driving to the gym, running five miles, and weights.

找到第一个例举新项目以前的句干(After I get off work, I'm…)

确定句干能够配搭第一个新项目(After I get off work, I'm driving to the gym.)

确定句干能够配搭第二个新项目(After I get off work, I'm running five miles.)

句干没法配搭第三个新项目(After I get off work, weights.)

调整为平行面句构:After I get off work, I'm driving to the gym, running five miles, and lifting weights.(下班了,我想驾车去健身会所、跑个五英哩和练竞走)

确定句干能够配搭第三个新项目(After I get off work, I'm lifting weights.)

不正确词组一

《镶嵌在句子里的概念》

On Saturday, my roommates and I are playing in a game of basketball, collecting coats for charity, work on our homework for three hours, and go to a party in the Village.

参照改法:

On Saturday, my roommates and I are going to play in a game of basketball, collect coats for charity, spend three hours on homework, and go to a party in the Village.(星期六我跟舍友准备去打蓝球、搜集外衣拿来捐助、做作业三小时和报名参加村内的狂欢派对)

或者

On Saturday, my roommates and I are playing in a game of basketball, collecting coats for charity, spending three hours on homework, and going to a party in the Village.(星期六我跟舍友准备去打蓝球、搜集外衣拿来捐助、做作业三小时和报名参加村内的狂欢派对)

不正确词组二

《列举项目》

The people I have met since starting college include the following:

Mei-ing Chang

Joe Chen, a guy from the Taipei area

Adam Lu and Donna Liu

Ian Yang from Hong Kong

and Jason Li, whom I met in math class

参照改法:

The people I have met since starting college include the following:

Mei-ing Chang

Joe Chen

Adam Lu

Donna Liu

Ian Yang

Jason Li

或者

The people I have met since starting college include the following:

Mei-ing Chang from near Taichung

Joe Chen from the Taipei area

Adam Lu from Hsinchu

Donna Liu from Hsinchu

Ian Yang from Hong Kong

Jason Li from Morris, Indiana

运用平行结构

若将最重特大或出乎意料的新项目摆放在例举的最后一个选秀权,便可以吸引住阅读者的留意,也有利于衬托全部例举新项目。注意下列2个词组的不一样。

将最重特大的新项目摆放在最终:In the accident, he received cuts on his face, a mild concussion, a cracked rib, and a ruptured spleen.(那一场出现意外使他面部划伤、轻度脑震荡、肋巴骨开裂、脾脏破裂)

将最重特大的新项目摆放在正中间:In the accident, he received cuts on his face, a ruptured spleen, a cracked rib, and a mild concussion.(那一场出现意外使他面部划伤、脾脏破裂、肋巴骨开裂、轻度脑震荡)

应用同样或并排的字汇来配搭所较为的定义,能够提升较为的实际效果。

应用同样字汇的词组:It's unusual to feel intense attraction and intense repulsion for the same person.(对某一人另外怀里明显的爱恨之间不是太不同寻常的事儿)

应用并排字汇的词组:You always seem to run to guitar lessons and crawl to piano lessons.(你一直飞步跑去上吉他课,再举步走着上钢琴课)

应用平行结构的关键回望

1.平行结构的句式就是指「以同样英语的语法方式来展现好几个对等定义或例举新项目」。

2.平行结构是一种修辞方法或设计风格技巧,以适度性或合理的方法来排序欲注重的定义。

3. 英语句子中的成双定义应当要选用平行结构的句式。

4.不论是嵌入在语句中的好几个定义,或者一条条例举出去的新项目,两者都应选用平行结构的句式。

5. 在大部分状况下,将语句或例举新项目改成平行结构的方式不只一种。

期待以上内容对您有一定的帮助。要想掌握期刊论文改动或代笔服务项目,请在线留言paperdaixie.com的在线客服。

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