代写过117篇essay,我发现这些错误几乎……_essay代写


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这一篇是根据我很多年英语代笔的工作经验分类整理的,说明英文标点、英文大小写、空格符怎么使用,英文论文怎样按段,并表明好多个普遍英文写作不正确。

这种小关键点就英文写作水平是相匹配于欧洲人国小水平的物品。中国人学员在学习英文的情况下,经常把精力花在背更深奥的一个字,应用更繁杂的句式,小地区却错许多 。

这就仿佛一位欧洲人学习中文,孔子曰哪些,孔子说些什么背了一堆,写出去的语句确是:

我朋友告诉我, "我明天早上要搭车去北京市."

用英文的标点写汉语,四不像。

这种小玩意假如错,西方国家阅读者很有可能会感觉同学们英文写作水平十分差。事实上不一定英语有那麼差,连国小水平都不上,仅仅大家語言情况不一样,这种物品不怎么会注意到罢了。

这一篇文章我触发好多个最常见的英文创作难题,不论是考托福雅思,或者商业服务书信来往,或者出国留学的情况下写英语论文,都能够用获得。

应用方法:假如要验这一篇文章是不是有讲到你有疑问的句式,可以用 CONTROL F来寻找。

本文我能接连不断经常性升级。

汉语 vs. 英语主关键词形容词意识

汉语语句沒有主关键词跟形容词的意识,因此我们在写英文论文的情况下,经常会想起就加分号,或者想起就写一个新的语句。汉语的分号沒有很固定不动的使用方法,大约便是感觉够长了,要换一口气,就加一个分号,讲够久了,感觉该加句点,就加一个句点。

英语的句式是十分固定不动的,每一句都是有一个主关键词,一个形容词。英语中的说白了一个「语句」,含意便是有主关键词,有形容词。中国人学员最经常出情况的是形容词,通常语句早已有一个关键形容词了,加上另一个含意,汉语是立即分号就加下去没什么问题,英语却要转变第二个形容词,把第二个形容词放到子句当中或者用and来相互连接。

好像There is a man. 主关键词是there,形容词是is,假如要加上一个形容词,好像这一人到慢跑,不可以立即加变为There is a man run. 要写There is a man who is running. ' Who is running' 是一个关代子句,或是写There is a man running. 'Running' 是分词构句。

关键语句、附设子句标点如何使用,哪一些字能够独立应用于一个语句,哪一些字只有用以副属子句,都要求得十分清晰。

英语句子有主关键词有形容词。

英语句子有主关键词有形容词。

英语句子有主关键词有形容词。

很重要,说三遍。写英文不必像写汉语那般,换口气加一个分号就然后讲下去。

汉语 vs. 英文大小写意识

汉语沒有英文大小写这一大家都了解,写英文的情况下要留意,汉语沒有英文大小写,但是英文有。哪一些字会英文大写有要求,不必突然英文大写突然小写字母,不按照要求,也没事儿不能用全英文大写。

院校、组织、企业这些名字,除开介系词跟冠词以外,都必须每一个字的第一个字母大写。

好像:

The Institute of Cancer Research

不必写出:

The institute of Cancer Research

The Institute Of Cancer Research

The INSTITUTE of CANCER Research

书或文章内容的篇名,有二种书写,一种是除开介系词跟冠词以外,每一个字的第一个字母大写,另一种是仅有第一个字英文大写,其他都用小写字母(可是专业名词假如固定不动要用英文大写,小说名字中還是必须用英文大写)。较为普遍的是第一种。

好像:

Algorithms to Live by: The Computer Science of Human Decisions

Algorithms to live by: the computer science of human decisions

不必写出:

Algorithms to live by: the Computer science of human decisions

Algorithms To Live By: The Computer Science Of Human Decisions

汉语 vs. 英语标点意识

汉语标点的应用标准较为疏松。汉语分号的应用方法大约便是该通气了就可以加一个分号。英语的标点加哪儿,应不应该加,加哪一个标点要求得很清晰。

汉语的标点是用全型搞出,占的室内空间跟一个文字一样大。写汉语假如得加空格符的情况下,一个空格符跟一个文字一样大,双眼无需很尖就可以看得出。

英语的标点跟空格符跟一个英语字母一样大,蛮多中国人同学们看不出。看不出的情况下,请在WORD中开启「显示信息恢复出厂设置标识」,能加空格符会显示信息标识。

空格符应用方法

英语句子跟语句正中间是一个空格符。标点符号合乎以后打一个空格符,随后接下来一句。许多 老同学聚会用2个空格符,它是打印机的玩法,如今用键盘打字是空一个空格符。

写英文的情况下,分号、句点、灶具这些以后,一定会加一个空格符。留意下列事例含有标色调的地区。

不必写:Thesis title : The English Reformation。

要写 Thesis title: The English Reformation,注意到灶具后边应当要有一个空格符,但前边沒有空格符。

不必写:I learned a lot in university , and I continued to take courses in accounting.

要写 I learned a lot in university, and I continued to take courses in accounting. 留意分号前边沒有空格符,后边有一个空格符。

不必写:I read the paper " The English Reformation in the Sixteenth Century."

要写:I read the paper "The English Reformation in the Sixteenth Century." 留意双引号前边有空格符,后边沒有空格符。

名字的写法

经常在CV或推荐函中见到姓名写出 Chang, Da-Chong。这类 last name, first name 的书写一般 只出現于学术研究文章内容的推荐书目当中,或者特殊的填文书填表格的情况下会要求要用这一书写。

一般来说CV上一定是先名再姓,也就是要写Da-Chong Chang。推荐函最正下方搞出姓名的情况下,也是要写 Da-Chong Chang或者 Professor Da-Chong Chang,不必写 Professor Chang, Da-Chong。

推荐函中邀请人叫法被邀请人的方法:

第一次提及写叫法加全称,好像 Mr. Da-Chong Chang。第二次以后能够写减少版。邀请人跟被邀请人很熟,或者彼此不居小标题,邀请人会用first name称被邀请人,会称作 Da-Chong。假如邀请人跟被邀请人较为不太熟,或者邀请人是较为传统式较为严肃认真的个性化,则称被邀请人为 Mr. Chang。但不必写 Mr. Da-Chong,既不宣布都不率真随和,

名词单复数或冠词

英语绝大部分的专有名词,否则会用复数,否则会加冠词。好像「我搭公车去公园」,不必讲 I take bus to park. 要讲 I take a bus to the/a park.

The 跟 a/an 的区别是,the = this/that/these/those,指特殊的物品。 A/an就是指不特殊的物品。

好像:

I like to play basketball with the friend.

I like to play basketball with a friend.

I like to play basketball with my friends.

第一句意思是「我很喜欢跟那一位盆友打蓝球」。第二句意思是「我很喜欢跟我许多 盆友中的在其中一切一位打蓝球」。第三句意思是「我很喜欢跟小伙伴们打蓝球。」

汉语沒有单复数,都没有冠词,专有名词便是专有名词,不做转变。英语达到九成五之上的专有名词都是会用复数,要不然便是加冠词。不用冠词也无需复数,听起来会十分的中式英语。

冒号应用方法

不必写:I read the paper 「The English Reformation in the Sixteenth Century」。它是汉语的冒号,英语沒有这一标点。

留意双引号、单引号的方位,逐渐的冒号是靠右边斜,完毕的冒号是靠左边斜。

表述所有格,如 the boy's cake 的单引号是靠左边斜。

引入他人得话的情况下,不必写:She said, "Watch out! "

要写:She said, "Watch out!" 留意引入得话,跟冒号中间沒有空格符。

假如看不出是否有空格符,还记得把WORD的显示信息标点开启。

水平线的使用方法

英语水平线分三种,英文名字为hyphen, en-dash, and em-dash,以长短而言,hyphen最短,em-dash最多。后二者用到n及其m取名,便是由于m写起來较为长,因此em-dash是较为长一些的水平线。

一般人不容易那麼注重,总是分二种。这儿只表明hyphen及其en-dash的不一样。 En-dash就汉语而言是破折号,hyphen才算是水平线。

Hyphen的应用机会

例如表明日期是 09/2012-04/2013,正中间会用一个水平线,水平线长度要一致,有时电脑上会把水平线变长一点,变为 – 那样的长短。全文CV应当统一用一样的长短。

水平线前后左右能够有空格符,还可以沒有空格符,可是一定要上下对称性。

不必写 09/2012 -04/2013,前边有空格符,后边沒有。

要写09/2012-04/2013,否则便是写09/2012 - 04/2013。否则便是水平线前后左右都是有空格符,否则就前后左右也没有空格符。

另一个应用hyphen的情况是像 a ten-person team。留意不必写 a ten- person team,不必水平线前边沒有空格符,而后边有,也不必相反,前边有空格符而后边沒有。

Em-dash的应用机会

Em-dash一般 在电脑上连打2个hyphen,电脑上会全自动变长变为em-dash。

Em-dash应用于补充说明,或者出示事例。

例如:I love fruits—apples, pears, and oranges.

He finally arrived—more than half an hour late.

一般 em-dash前后左右也没有空格符,可是有一些刊物或报刊会统一在em-dash前后左右都加空格符。留意是否有加空格符,一定是上下两端对齐,不必一边有空格符,一边沒有,也一定要全文一致。

and 什么时候必须分号

相互连接2个语句,and前边一定加分号。 I want to go to the party, and I want to see my friends again.

相互连接2个非语句的新项目,好像相互连接2个专有名词、2个形容词、或者2个子句,都无需加分号。 I like apples and oranges. I want to go to the party because I miss my friends and because I am free tonight. 可是相互连接的新项目假如较为长的情况下,为了更好地句式清晰,相互连接2个新项目还可以加分号。 I want to go to the party because I miss my friends, and because I am free tonight. 留意 and前边加分号。

相互连接三个或三个之上非语句的新项目,除开最后一个新项目以前,都必须加分号,最后一个新项目则能加也并不加。 I like apples, oranges, and pears. = I like apples, oranges and pears.

英文论文按段方法

按段方法有二种,请二选一,不必综合性应用。

一种是文章段落当中沒有空一行,每一段缩排,汉语的缩排是2个文字的室内空间,英语的缩排则是五个英语字母的室内空间。英文论文缩排的情况下不必仅用2个英语字母的室内空间。

第二种是文章段落不缩排,可是文章段落空心一行。

怎样按段全文要一致,不必一段用一种方式,下一段改另一种方式。

缩排缩多少的间距必须固定不动,不必一段是缩五个英语字母的间距,下一段确是缩四个英语字母的间距。

空白行的情况下那一行室内空间有多大还要固定不动。有时候WORD会由于行间距调节的关联,一样是空一行,跟上行下行的间距会不一样。

degree / level 的使用方法

to a degree / to a level 含意为「到某一种水平」或者「就某种意义上而言」,例如:I am jealous of my beautiful friend to a certain degree. The essay makes sense to a degree. To some degree, I can agree with you.

a degree / level of N. 含意为「N. 的水平」或者「N. 有一定的水平」,例如:My teacher gave me a degree of flexibility in deciding my research topic. 亲爱的老师帮我某水平的延展性,要我追究其我的科学研究主题风格。 The dolphin demonstrates a degree of intelligence. 鲸鱼展示出某种意义上的智能化。 When he saw that his daughter was injured, he lost all degree of objectivity. 当他看到他闺女受伤了,他失去全部水平的普遍性 (他丧失全部普遍性)。

at least 的使用方法

at least 放的部位,会危害词意。

They should at least donate 5 dollars.

at least 是装饰 donate,她们应当「最少捐」五块钱。

They should donate at least 5 dollars.

at least 是装饰 5 dollars,她们应当损出「最少五块钱」。

already / often / sometimes / never 等副词的位置

如果有2个形容词,介词一般 夹在中间,好像 I have already eaten. I have never been to America. I would still like to go to the party. Your computer is already connected to the Internet.

假如只有一个形容词,介词放那里延展性较为大,好像 I finished my homework already. I already finished my homework. I already have two children. I have two children already.

among / between 的使用方法

国高中英文是说 between two things / among three or more things,实际上不是这样分的。 Among 确实是一定用以三个新项目或三个新项目之上,但 between 可用以2个新项目,还可以用以三个新项目或之上。

between 以后一般 是接单独的新项目,这好多个新项目一般 有独立标明,好像There was a conversation between John, Jason, and Annie. 假如新项目沒有独立标明,则用among,好像There was a conversation among three people.

A treaty was signed between Brazil and Canada. A treaty was signed among three countries. A treaty was signed between Brazil, Canada, and Mexico.

between 也用以范畴的起始点跟终点站,好像 The study looks at children between the age of 13 and 17. The mountain range is the boundary between Switzerland and Italy.

between 也用以表明区别,好像 What is the difference between American English and British English? I cannot see the difference between the twin brothers.

say that N. V.

词组:People say that John is a kind man. He said that I should really go to his party.

不必加分号,不必写 People say that, John is a kind man. 也不必写 People say, that John is a kind man.

That 能够省去,因此能够写 People say John is a kind man. 我一般 建议英文学生不必省去that,句式会非常清楚。

Say 可以用其他相近的形容词替代,可是有一些「说」的形容词必须受词,有一些则不用。例如:He announced that he was going to university. 这一句announced不用形容词,句式跟 say that N. V. 一样。可是 He told me that he was going to university. 这一句 told 必须受词,因此一定要加一个受词,不可以写 He told that he was going to university.

most 的使用方法

most of 复数名词,意思是许多 新项目当中的大部分,它是在表明总数上的占比的定义。例如 Most of the seats are occupied. 坐位许多 ,绝大部分的坐位有些人坐了。

most of 单数名词或不可数名词,意思是一个新项目当中的绝大部分。例如 Most of the apple is rotten. 意思是iPhone仅有一颗,绝大部分腐烂了。 Most of my day was very boring. 某一天,绝大部分的時间十分的无趣。 Most of the sugar is gone. Sugar是不可数名词,绝大部分的糖用完后。

most adj. 是表明修饰词的最高级别,使用方法跟 –est一样,但是一般 是用在2个声调之上的修饰词。例如:He is the most important man in the government. He is the tallest man in the group. This is the most exciting day of my life.

most adv. 是表明介词的最高级别。 I will most certainly help you. Most importantly, you need to start exercising now.

price high/low vs. item expensive/cheap

汉语是讲「某物品很便宜」,还可以说「价钱很便宜」,英语中可以说The necklace is expensive. ,可是说起The necklace's price is high. 尽管说一般口说英语很有可能会出現the necklace's price is expensive 的叫法,这不是正确的英文。

therefore的使用方法

He was very late for school, and therefore, the teacher was very angry. 留意这一句实际上是几句话。第一句的主关键词是he,形容词是was。第二句的主关键词是the teacher,形容词是was。2个语句用and相互连接,and前边要有分号。 Therefore以后要有分号。

之上这一句还可以写成:He was very late for school. Therefore, the teacher was very angry.

或者 He was very late for school; therefore, the teacher was very angry. 留意这三句全是相互连接2个语句,因此therefore以后一定要加分号。

假如therefore并不是相互连接2个语句,则能够不用分号。例如:He got up late and therefore was late for school. 这儿and是相互连接2个形容词 got 及其 was。 Therefore以后可加,也并不加分号。因此这一句写 He got up late and therefore, was late for school. 也是恰当的。

He was the king and therefore cared much about his people. 这一句and是相互连接2个形容词 was 及其cared。这一句要写 He was the king and therefore, cared much about his people. 也是能够。

Therefore加不用分号有时候十分的case by case。我一般 是提议学员那样分较为易记:假如therefore以后是一个语句(意思是有主关键词有形容词),therefore以后一定要有分号。假如therefore以后并不是一个语句,则加不用分号都没事儿。

不可以独立应用therefore相互连接2个语句。例如:He was a king, therefore he cared about his people. 这一句一定要改成:He was a king, and therefore he cared about his people. 或者He was a king. Therefore, he cared about his people.留意标点及其英文大小写。

Not only … but also 的使用方法

Not only A but also B,在其中A 跟B一定要对等,含意便是否则是相互连接2个语句,否则相互连接2个词性一样的物品。

相互连接语句:Not only did he give the beggar money, but he also took the beggar home. 留意not only 那一句必须部分倒装,因此句式是 not only V. N., but N. also V.

but also中的also能够省去,可是but不能省去。

相互连接2个专有名词:He gave me not only food but also shelter. = He gave me not only A but also B.

相互连接2个形容词:He not only gave me food but also provided me with shelter. = He not only did this but also did that.

not only 放到A前边,因此He gave me not only food but also shelter. 中的not only是放到food 前边。 He not only gave me food but also provided me with shelter. 中的not only 是放到 gave的前边。

相互连接2个子句:I chose to go to the party not only because I was done with my work but also because I wanted to see my friends. = I chose to go to the party not only because A but also because B.

使役动词 have/make/let/help N. VR

使役动词加原形形容词,仅有help较为尤其,能够加原形形容词,还可以加 to V

词组:What would you have me do? My mother made me do the dishes. Please let me go to the party. I helped her finish her homework. I helped her to finish her homework.

汉语语句「攻读升阶课程内容,使我的技能提升」,这一语句经常会被译成:Taking advanced courses makes me improve my ability. 语法上是恰当的,可是语调上面有逼迫的寓意,含意为「逼迫我一定得让技能提升」。这一类含意的make,可改成let,或者allow someone to do something。 Let有「容许」的含意,一般 是他人「容许你做某事」。 allow则为 「出示机遇」或者「是我机遇」的含意。这一句用allow改变会最适当。 Taking advanced courses lets me improve my ability. Taking advanced courses allows me to improve my ability.

so / so that 的使用方法

so 就是指因而,so that就是指目地。

I did my homework, so I was free for the rest of the evening. 我写完工作了,因而我剩余来的夜里时间段能够做其他事。留意标点,so是接一个详细的语句,主关键词是I ,形容词是was,so前边得加分号。

so子句一定会配搭一个关键的语句,上边这一事例中I did my homework是关键语句。不可以单写So I was free for the rest of the evening. 假如要分离几句写得话,能够写:I did my homework. Therefore, I was free for the rest of the evening. 非正规的英语确实会有效so开始的语句,沒有关键语句,可是这不是宣布英文写作,提议同学们别这样应用。

I did my homework so that I could be free for the rest of the evening. 我做作业,为了更好地剩余来的夜里时间段能够做其他事。留意 so that 立即接专有名词跟形容词,前边沒有分号。

because 的使用方法

Because 不可以独立创立一个语句,一定会配搭一个关键语句。

He is angry because I broke his window. 关键语句中的主关键词是he,形容词是is,because子句中的主关键词是I,形容词是broke。留意because前不必加分号。

之上这一句还可以写成 Because I broke his window, he is angry. 留意because子句假如写在前面,完毕的地区得加分号。

while 的使用方法

While能够当when应用,还可以当对等的意识的逐渐。

While/when he was taking a bath, I finished my homework. 这儿while是when的含意,意思是当他在冼澡的情况下,那个时候,我写完我的作业了。留意while子句不可以独立创立一个语句,一定要配搭一个关键语句,这儿为I finished my homework。关键语句逐渐以前,一定要有分号。

之上这一句while/when子句可以用 while N. V. 的句式,还可以用分词构句,用Ving。例如:While taking a bath, I finished my homework. 如果是处于被动得话,Ving的部分還是得保存,例如:While the dog was washed, the dog kept on barking. = While being washed, the dog kept on barking.

上一句还可以改成:I finished my homework while he was taking a bath. 假如while放到后边,正中间不用分号。

While的另一个意思是详细介绍对等的定义。 While my friends like watching TV, I really don’t like watching TV.

上一句假如while放后边,必须加分号:I really don’t like watching TV, while my friends like watching TV.

but / however的使用方法

but 跟 and 一样,不可以用于逐渐一个英语句子。非正规的英文论文当中会出现那样的使用方法,但正式英文中不容易那样应用,提议同学们别这样用。

He really did not want to go to the party. But he went anyway. 应改成: He really did not want to go to the party, but he went anyway. 留意but是相互连接2个语句,but前边得加分号。另一个书写为:He really did not want to go to the party. However, he went anyway. 留意英文大小写,及其标点的应用方法。

假如but是相互连接2个语句,一定要有分号。如果是相互连接2个非语句的新项目,分号可加并不加。 He did not seem angry but sang a song. = He did not seem angry, but sang a song.

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