五段式Essay写作方法

留学人员写好一篇Essay实际上是如影随行的,它能够简易到五个文章段落。大部分普通高中和高校的Essay是依照下列五个规范组成的:


文章段落一:前言(Introduction)


文章段落二:行为主体1(Body 1)


文章段落三:行为主体2(Body 2)


文章段落四:行为主体3(Body 3)


文章段落五:小结(Conclusion)


这类五段式Essay创作构造身后的逻辑性是让教师更非常容易了解段落中的主题思想,下边大家就来实际说一下五段式构造如何做。


五段式Essay写作方法


1.前言(The Introduction)


前言的关键是主旨你的观点(也被称作“论点论据”或“论述”)。


论点论据必须清楚明晰,最好是用一句话来说明你的论点论据,那样能够让阅读者在脑海中里对你的文章内容主题思想十分确立。下面紧紧围绕论点论据,你应该拟定一个简述的考试大纲去论述支持你的论点论据。在写前言的最终一句话的情况下最好是要以过多的方式进行,随遇而安的与下面的內容对接上。让我们一起看来一个出色的前言举例说明:


题型:Do we learn more from finding out that we have made mistakes or from our successful actions?


前言:No man is an island and, as such, he is constantly shaped and influenced by his experiences. People learn by doing and, accordingly, learn considerably more from their mistakes than their success. For proof of this, consider examples from both science and everyday experience.‍


2.行为主体(The body paragraphs)


文章正文文章段落必须充足举例说明证实你的论点论据。


针对第一个文章正文文章段落你应该应用最具备感染力的论述或事例去论述你的论点论据,除非是必须别的的显著的逐渐(如按先后顺序)


为教师在脑海中里刻画你的观念,最终紧紧围绕你的题型论点论据列举5-6个有关的客观事实实例。以后你需要有逻辑性的表明为何这种事例能够证实你的论点论据。一定不可以小看这一一部分的必要性,这一就是你以前举例说明的实际意义所属。


然后上边的前言举例说明,让我们一起看来这一毕业论文行为主体的举例说明:


行为主体:“Take, by way of example, Thomas Edison. The famed American inventor rose to prominence in the late 19th century because of his successes, yes, but even he felt that these successes were the result of his many failures. He did not succeed in his work on one of his most famous inventions, the lightbulb, on his first try nor even on his hundred and first try. In fact, it took him more than 1,000 attempts to make the first incandescent bulb but, along the way, he learned quite a deal. As he himself said, I did not fail a thousand times but instead succeeded in finding a thousand ways it would not work. Thus Edison demonstrated both in thought and action how instructive mistakes can be”. 


3.小结(The Conclusion)


最终一段就是你的文章内容的末尾一部分,一定不可以变成你对文章的感受。由于最终一段就是你主旨见解的最终机遇,因此 一定要有严苛的文件格式来展现末尾內容。


过多到末尾一般应用((in conclusion, in the end, )那样的总结语汇逐渐。以后你应该马上再度注重你的论点论据阐述。这对确立你的论点论据会具有非常好的功效,另外也具有了小结文章正文三个关键点的功效。


最终让我们一起看来下列论文结尾举例说明:


“In the end, then, one thing is clear: mistakes do far more to help us learn and improve than successes. As examples from both science and everyday experience can attest, if we treat each mistake not as a misstep but as a learning experience the possibilities for self-improvement are limitless”.


Taken together, then, the overall structure of a five paragraph essay should look something like this:


Introduction Paragraph


An attention-grabbing hook


A thesis statement


A preview of the three subtopics you will discuss in the body paragraphs.


First Body Paragraph


Topic sentence which states the first subtopic and opens with a transition


Supporting details or examples


An explanation of how this example proves your thesis


Second Body Paragraph


Topic sentence which states the second subtopic and opens with a transition


Supporting details or examples


An explanation of how this example proves your thesis


Third Body Paragraph


Topic sentence which states the third subtopic and opens with a transition


Supporting details or examples


An explanation of how this example proves your thesis


Concluding Paragraph


Concluding Transition, Reverse hook, and restatement of thesis.


Rephrasing main topic and subtopics.


Global statement or call to action.‍


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